Tumut township



A Tour in the Southern Districts.Date 2nd March 1878 (BY OUR TRAVELLING CORRESPONDENT.)


THE township of Tumut is situated in the valley of the Tumut, and is built on a rise at its head with the river running along the northern side Tumut in the centre of a large agricultural district principally devoted to the growth of wheat and maize.

Tumut is almost entirely surrounded by mountainous country, which affords in the summer months feed and shelter to stock, large numbers of which are now located in the mountains in between the mountains are several valleys with creeks running through them.

These valleys have been mostly taken up by selectors, who are turning the land to the best account in growing wheat where at all practicable. Tumut is not an incorporated town, although of long standing the streets are well laid out and some fine public buildings are to be seen in them.

Entering the town by the Gundagai Road you pass the new Catholic chapel, the walls and gable ends of which are as yet only erected. A little further on the Presbyterians are erecting a new building on a very commanding site. The Episcopaliau church is at the other end of the township, by the side of the river, while the Presleyans have a very neat chapel in the centre of the town.

The public school has been built on a piece of ground close to the English church, lt is a neat and commodious building; in the centre of the play-ground is a large shed, under which in wet weather the children can amuse themselves. The average attendance of scholars is 130. On the adjacent plot of ground a neat and compact cottage residence has been erected for the teacher.

The Roman Catholic school is also well attended, having an average attendance of 86. At the corner of Wynyard and Fitzroy Streets is the courthouse and Police Barracks; they are good buildings, but have been crowded on too small a space of ground.

The courthouse is built of brick and stone, and affords ample accommodation for the purposes for which it is required. The internal fittings are most complete - far in advance of older towns the magistrates room being, one might say, luxuriously fitted up.

The Police quarters and lock-up are close by, and when the fencing is erected (for which tenders have been accepted), it will be an easy task for the Police to convey any unruly prisoner through the narrow passages and numerous wicker gates to the lock-up. There is plenty of spare land left, but why these buildings have been so crowded close on the other is hard to say; perhaps the department could elucidate the question.

The Temperance Hall is much too small for the purposes to which it is generally put. All entertainments given by any company visiting Tumut are held in this hall, and the town has lately had its fair share of amusements. The last troupe performing here was the Clara Steuenson Dramatic Company, who have had no reason to complain of the patronage bestowed on them, winding up as they did with a bumper house.

Among the business portion of the community the most conspicuous store is that of Mr. M Twomhy, in Wynyard Street. This store is not yet complete, and has been in course of erection for the last three years. On one side is the grocery and men's department, in the centre the ladies and millinery portion, while the remaining side is occupied by the private residence of the proprietor

At the rear of the store is a large building, the lower part forming a fine cool cellar for the storage of heavy goods; the second floor will be utilised for light merchandise, while the upper floor, 70 by 23, is intended as an assembly room, it being Twmhy's intention to erect an hotel on the adjoining piece of ground. When this is built the whole will form the most imposing and finest block of buildings in the town.

A novel feature worthy of commendation is, that there are two large iron tanks just under the roof, from which iron pipes lead down into each floor, and in case of fire hose can be attached and water brought to bear on any part of the building; branches from the pipes also lead into the bathroom and into the kitchen. A large well with force pump fills the tanks when required.

Messrs. Mandelson and Co. also have a fine store, well stocked in every branch.

Messrs. Newman and Co. are doing a large business in the general line; their produce store is now actively employed in receiving and despatching the new wheat as it continually arrives from the district.

Mr. Brooks is the watchmaker of the town,

while the saddlers are represented by Messrs J. and P. Blakeney, Mr. Hoad, and Mr. Simpson. Wheelwrighting and blacksmithing must be a good trade, as I find Mr. Eggleton, Mr. Foord, and Mr. Allate all in that time with hands full.

Mr. Wilson supplies the residents with animal food from his butcher's shop, and Mr. Ashworth caters as the fruiterer.

Dr. Lynch, a very old and respected resident, has had sole charge of the health of the district till lately, while medicines and prescriptions are carefully dispensed at Mrs. Caspersonn's, one side of whose shop is devoted to supplying fancy goods and literature; copies of loion and Country Journal and Evening News are procurable at this establishment.

I was surprised to find only one bank in Tumut, a branch of the New South Wales; there certainly appears plenty of scope for another one to develop itself.

The hotel accommodation is very good, and amongst them may be noted Mr. C. Quilty's (Commercial), Mr. Fraser's (Royal), Mr. M'Kay's (Bee hive), at which latter I put up while in the town, finding all my wants most carefully looked after by the obliging landlord. The Carrier's Arms is conducted by Mr. Reardon.

To supply these hotels with non-intoxicating drinks Mr. Dear has an establishment, and manufactures first-class cordials and aerated waters.

Mr. M'Laren is the only ultra tailor of the town, and informs me that Geelong tweeds are greatly preteffed in this locality to those manufactured in this colony.

There are several bridges over the Tumut River, connecting the outlying country with the town. The first I crossed was that leading from Wynyard street out onto the Bombowlee plains. These plains or flats are nearly all under cultivation. The first farm met with is that of Mr. A. Piper, sen., containing in all 012 acres. As Mr. Piper has only resided some twelve months here the land was not cultivated this season, fencing having occupied his time, and he found it more to his benefit to rent the land for grazing.

A short distance further is Mr. Wm. Bridles, "RoseVale Farm" of 400 acres, fine alluvial soil. The principal crops were wheat, oats for hay, and maize. Mr. Bridle has gone in for tobacco-growing; the plants will come to maturity in March, but in consequence of the drought the crop will not return more than half a ton to the acre. There is a nice fruit garden at the rear of the house. The trees were fairly loaded, while the mulberry-trees were covered with fruit now nearly ripe. These trees grow and thrive wonderfully well in this district.

Mr. W. Smith's farm was the next I called at; it contains 200 acres, all under cultivation. From his wheat crop just harvested he will have 1000 bushels. Some 35 head of cattle and horses are on the farm.

Mr. E. Head's farm of 60 acres adjoins, of which 40 have been under wheat, returning SOO bushels; there is also a paddock of 12 acres in corn, and the late rains have freshened up this cereal very much.

Continuing along the road, I came to Mrs. Neil Rankin's. This is all grazing land, upon which there are a few quiet mixed cattle.

The evening being cool, I pushed on to try and reach Mr. C. Guy's aboda before dark. The distance I had to travel was 10 miles, and the road was hilly country to the right, while on the left was the Rankin run, an estate fronting the Tumut River for some miles, and containing some splendid flats; in fact it seemed a pity that the plough had not been put into them, for they looked as if they would grow thousands of bushels of corn or wheat, instead of only fattening a few cattle.

I was not at all sorry when I arrived under Pine Mountain, a spur of the dividing range, and almost perpendicular, with Killimicat Creek barely running at its foot. Here I turned sharp to the left, and ascended a hill of considerable height by a sort of zig-zag fashion; then, passing through a swing gate, found myself in the home paddock, but which way to turn was the question, as it was now quite dark; however, I took the left hand track, and after proceeding a mile came to the conclusion I was wrong. I therefore tried back and took the right hand one, when, within a short distance of th house I was overtaken by Mr Guy, who assured me I was on the right track, he gave me a most cordial welcome. This estate contains 1000 acres of lightly-timbered grass lands, combined with some fine alluvial flats, on the banks of the Tumut River.

A great quantity of the timber has already been rung, and only a small portion of the land has been cultivated sufficient for home use. Mr. Guy's hobby is horse breeding, and the following morning was spent in rambling over the estate, and having a look at the brood mares and cattle. Firstly we interviewed the stables, which contained a four-year-old mare named Idle Girl, by Rioter-Empress, by Louis Napoleon (imported from Tasmania.) This is a fine raking mare, with plenty of bone and muscle ; at first glance she looks rather leggy, but this is somewhat toned down by the length of barrel. She has the look of being speedy, but I doubt her weight-carrying powers. These will, however, be tested at the next Tumut races, for which she is entered.

In the next box was the three-year-old filly Music, by Rioter-Love Not, by Dolo (imp.) Music is to my fancy a much better one than Idle Girl, but may not run so well forward, having been only a fortnight up ; another month will make a great difference in her appearance. There is sufficient flesh on her to want good hard work to reduce.

In another stall was a very taking two-year-old filly by Angler-Josephine. This filly has lately been taken in hand, and will be brought out at the next races. She is the first of Angler's stock to he tried, and good expectations are already formed of what she will be able to perform. Beforo going down to tue paddocks Air. Guy had the brood mares yarded. Taken as a lot, they are far and away the best in the district. Love Not, with foal at foot, has been justly considered the best mare, and carried off the honours at the Shows.

Another mare was Josephine, who two years in succession won the first cups given by the Tumut Club, and these are to be seen on the proprietor's sideboard. All these mares (about 20), with their progeny, were looking remarkably healthy and well, and showed evidence of having been well cared for during the late dry season.

Proceeding to the river paddocks, the first one has been laid down with prairie, Italian rye, and clover; it was quite a treat treading on such a fine carpet, after coming off the dried-up natural grasses. Around this paddock a training-course has been made. It was ploughed, and all uneven places made good, then laid down with English grass, and from the improvements must have cost a nice little penny; it is far superior to a great many of the public race-courses.

On this course Mr. Guy's youngsters are learnt their lessons, and having fair stock to work upon, it is no wonder he Generally appropriates most of the good things going in the district. A few head of cattle, ready for the butcher, wore lazily feeding around.

The entire Angler colt, by Angler-If, by Warhawk (imp.), and bred by R. J. Hunter, Esq., of Wood stock, Victoria, was enjoying his "otium " after the season. Angler colt, now rising six years, was purchased by Mr. Guy at the sale of the Woodstock yearlings. He has certainly left his mark ou his progeny, the Fisherman head being stamped on all of them. Angler's companion was a groy coaching mare, with foal at foot. This mare is eleven years old, and an especial favourite of tho proprietor's.

In the next paddock were four head of fat cattle intended for the forth coming show. Nothing like them are to be found for a large circuit. At present they are estimated to turn the balance at 15001b each. From off this paddock a fine stack of hay was obtained before Christmas, and the appearance of these cattle is evidence of the fine fattening qualities of the artificial grasses when properly laid down.

The thoroughbred entire Winstay, the property of Mr. Guy, was roaming at large in a paddock by himself, and was looking hearty and well, and as skittish as a two-year-old. VVinstay, by Yelver ton -Lady Pitsl'ord, will be ten years next August, and is for sale, Mr. Guy having too many entires for the number of mares in the district. That veteran Livingstone, the joint property of Messrs. Guy and Swift, was in a loose box, and was in fine buckle.

Tiffin, after the ramble, was done full justice to, and bidding my hospitable entertainer adieu, I wended my way towards Bringle Creek, by once more getting on to the main track; a mild canter brought m to Mr. T Dodd's selection on Killimicat Creek. This is all grazing land, 800 acres, upon which some 300 head of cattle were being fattened up.

Keeping the road for another mile, I pulled up at Mr. M'Gruer's Brungle store, to which is attached the post-office which supplies the wants of the inhabitants of Brungle and Killimicat Creeks. There is a mail twice a week between Tumut and here. From a distance a stranger would not believe there are so many fine valleys amongst this mountainous part of the country, and these all taken up by selectors, who appear happy and contented with their lot.

After leaving M'Gruer's 1 proceeded for half a mile, and then turned to the left and followed up Brungle Creek. In the first four miles I passed two or three huts, at which I could not fiud anyone at home; the first place I afterwards made for being Mr. Archibald Rankin's selec1ion, while a little further on was Mr. M'Keuzii's, who was taking advantage of tho late rains to put the plough into the ground, preparatory for another crop of wheat.

Crossing the creek a mile inland brought me to Mr. M'Kinnon's farm. Ouly a few acres here have been under cultivation, as usual in wheat, the remainder of the land being used for grazing purposes.

I next proceeded as far as Mr Robertson's, and, striking across some paddocks, got into Mr. M. Kiley's land. lt being now quite dark, and for a stranger hard to find the way, the twinkling of a light in the distance was a freshener, and made me once more push on. I had just previously been debating with myself whether I should camp out for the night or not. Mr. M. Kiley was away from home with sheep in the mountains, but his worthy spouse made me welcome. This property is some 400 acres in extent, on the banks of the creek, and has only lately been in the possession of its present owner.

The following morning I was early in the saddle by daylight, and proceeded to Mr. Clout's selection of 430 acres. The flats had been under wheat, and the result was estimated at 1000 bushels. A few young cattle wore grazing about-in fact old cattle are rare to be met with.

A three-mile canter from Mr. Clout's brought me up at Mr. Kiley's, sen., estate, just in time for breakfast. Mr. Kiley has resided here for a number of years. The run consists of 20,000 acres of various sorts of land, - from the creek flats to the mountain ridges ; 11,000 sheep were shorn in the grease last year, the quantity and quality of which was very good. There ave 250 head of cattle in the home paddocks, most of them ready for the butcher. There is a comfortable residence on the banks of the creek, which takes its rise a little higher up in the mountains, but on the run. A refreshing sight is the large number of willow trees planted years ago along the banks of the creek, the lighter tinge of green contrasting with the darker hue of the native Australian gems. Some years ago a large migratory digging population was encamped in the gorges of the mountains, but nothing of a very payable nature being found it gradually died way, and is now entirely deserted. Hiding through Mr. Kiley's paddocks I struck the road leading to Wyangle, and crossing the reserve and creek, taking down innumerable slip panels or rails, I found myself following a track winding round some ugly sidelines on the mountains, and making for the head of Bombowlee Creek, which I struck in about five miles, and ran it down, calling upon one or two, till coming to Mr. G. Morton's selection of 600 acres; a small quantity of land is under maize, which is looking very stunted, and will not return more than half a crop; cattle is what Mr. Morton mostly goes in for.

I was surprised to find that there was no school on either Brungle or Bombowlee creeks. I noticed quite enough children to support one, but I am sorry to say the parents seem quite indifferent as to whether they grow up in ignorance or not. One or two abodes I called at neither parents nor children could read, and this was unblushingly confessed. Surely it is high time the State stepped in and altered things in some way. In these out-of-the way places, I have met numbers of uncultivated and uncouth children, who, when they have grown up will curse their parents for not having had them taught.

Leaving Mr. Morton's, I followed the creek down to the plains, and returned to Tumut over the same bridge as I went out by. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907) Saturday 2 March 1878.)

Looking up the Blowering Valley from "Stansfield's Cutting" West Blowering to Talbingo Mtn.

TO THIS at 2% Full 1983 !!!!!!! (sad)


Tumut - is a town and local government area approximately four hours drive south-west of Sydney. Tumut is geographically the same distance from both Sydney and Melbourne and was once considered a possible site for the nation's capital.

Tumut is the gateway to the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Its name is derived from an aboriginal name for 'resting place by the river'. (Ref - http://www.rootsweb.com/~ausnsw/regions/southeast.htm)

"Lombardy Poplars"

From Town Bridge leading away

The poplars were planted in 1861 by James Carr for Barney Kelly.

Green to changing colour -

Further change in colour

One of the town's most distinctive features is the double row of "Lombardy" poplar trees which lie across the Tumut River from the Anglican Church. The trees were planted in 1861 and form a distinctive wall which is particularly impressive in summer and autumn.

TUMUT'S GIANT POPLARS. - The poplars, 100 feet high, are growing on the banks of the Tumut River, and form one of the show places of the town. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 5 May 1928).

POPLARS OF TUMUT Landscape Makers. - By "Waratah."

There are some towns which call us back again and again. The call may come from the people, the scenic beauty, or pleasure resorts. Sometimes it is from the parks and gardens, Tumut's call is that of the trees. Its splendid poplars have no superior in this State, and there are also Its elms, oaks, and willows.

Tumut First Hotel

Go where you will in search of landscape beauty-the rugged grandeur of the Blue Mountains, the soft, rolling plains of Bathurst, or the silver-lined and green-bordered sea- scapes of the south coast,' where the blue of the ocean is so intense-there is nothing to surpass the panorama from Hospital Hill. Tumut. It is not merely the ever-changing play of colour along the hillsides which makes this picture so enchanting. Alternating shadow patches of purple and gold are thrown on the landscape screen when the sky is flecked with fleecy clouds. On bright, sunny days in springtime it is all shining green, with mauve and grey shadings along the ridges. There is beauty, too, in the gentle contour of the tree-topped slopes, which is balm to the heart of an artist.

Away to the south lhere is another note of majestic splendour, where the frowning blue cliffs of Talbingo Range look down. In the middle foreground runs the willow-lined river, snow-fed and gushing over rapids until it spreads out below the township into a silver stream.

But through all is the dominant note of the poplars. They divide the landscape into a series of splendid pictures, each complete in Itself and suitably framed. First, the poplars of Bombowlee, just over the bridge, known and discussed wherever tree-lovers gather-for their height and girth. Like giant sentinels they stand, and their scintillating leaves can be seen far and wide.

More poplars are seen to right and left, some in groups, singles, and long files of them dividing paddocks. Poplars harmonise with the slender church steeple, giving an English setting, poplars along the hills and flats until they meit into a hazy blue distance, way out towards Brungle and Gundagai.

There is an old world atmosphere about it all, and both the green of the springtime or the burning lights of autumn seem to belong to older climes. Certainly, it is something alien to the rest of the State. Softness and colour blending are the keynotes. But it is the poplars which are Indelibly imprinted on the mind. Their call will not remain unanswered. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Saturday 10 December 1938).


Tumut Trees at Show ground

TUMUT [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.] - The showers which fell throughout this district towards the end of last month inspired people with the hope that the drought had broken up; but since then we have experienced dry warm weather, with occasional strong westerly winds. These have had the effect of carrying off the rain clouds, and of drying up all surface moisture in the soil. On Thursday night there was a slight frost. The state of the weather is causing general uneasiness. A bush fire is burning in the ranges to the south of the town.

As the arrangements made by the Hon. James Hoskins necessitated his leaving Tumut earlier than his friends expected, the dinner which was to have taken place on Friday was dispensed with. For the same reason Mr. Hoskins was unable to accept several private invitations. After his re-election the hon. gentleman lunched with a number of his constituents.

On Wednesday evening last, a numerously attended meeting was held at Mr. Quilty's Commercial Hotel, for the purpose of distributing the prizes awarded at the late show of the Tumut Agricultural and Pastoral Association; the president, Mr. E. G. Brown, occupied the chair. The secretary, Mr. H. C. Tingcombe, informed those present that the prize list amounted to 114 18s., which sum had been paid out of the funds of the association, while only subscriptions from 101 members had been received; still their financial position was good, and when the money promised by the Government was received they would be in quite a prosperous condition. In his opinion, the judges at the late show, if they had not in every instance decided to the satisfaction of exhibitors, had at least acted in a very liberal spirit ; and he thought, for the future, it would be well that where there was only a single exhibit in a class no prize should be given, but that would a matter for the members to consider. Mr. H. Hoad, of Bombowlee, was the largest prize-taker. Mr. J. Allatt, who carried off the prize for the best plough made in the district, and whose exhibits generally were of a high order, came in for a share of applause.

On the motion of Mr. H. Hoad, seconded by Mr. N. Emanuel, it was agreed that the ploughing match should be held on the 16th May next.

It was also decided, that the bull and stallion show shall take place in September following. Ere the meeting closed votes of thanks to the secretary, treasurer, and other officers of the society were carried with acclamation. The chairman pointed out that the association was greatly indebted to those gentlemen who had come long distances to fill the office of judge at the show, and who had striven to do justice to all with the strictest impartiality.

Beautiful town nestled in the Tumut Valley at the foothills of the Snowy Mountains. By any measure Tumut is an exceptionally pretty country town. The Tumut River, which runs for 145 km before joining the Murrumbidgee River at Gundagai, flows along the edge of the town; the plains spread out on either side of the river; and the foothills of the Snowy Mountains rise on all sides. The rainfall ensures that, apart from times of drought, the valley is characteristically green and fertile.

Typical Tumut River View.

The first Europeans into the area were the explorers Hume and Hovell who, travelling down the Murrumbidgee River in 1824, came across the Tumut River. They subsequently entered the Tumut Valley.

Four years later settlers arrived in the valley. One of the first settlers was an Irishman, Thomas Boyd, who had travelled with Hume and Hovell (he is buried in the town's historic cemetery on Adelong Road). He settled at 'Rosebank' near Gilmore and is honoured by the region of the town known simply as 'Boyd', it was previously known by the more pedestrian 'Railway End'.

Map Darbalara

Another was a Mr Warby who settled at 'Darbalara' "Darbalara" on the Murrumbidgee and Tumut Rivers. It is known that on 27 November, 1828 the explorer Charles Sturt Captain Charles STURT (on one of his many unsuccessful missions to find Australia's 'inland sea') stopped at Warby's house. It was here that Elizabeth Warby was born on 10 May, 1830 - probably the first European to be born in the valley.

Early Tumut

Tumut Town - About 1872

The township grew slowly. Squatters were well established in the valley but by 1856 the town was nothing more than a single school building, a few mud and slab huts and three hotels. The town had been surveyed, and laid out in a classic grid pattern, as early as 1848 but it was only a major flood in 1852 which finally persuaded the locals to form some kind of a town.

By 1860 the town had grown to a point where it a local newspaper which eagerly reported that the local cricket club was holding annual meetings and the cricket played on the town's racecourse was so popular that three publicans' booths were provided (the publicans had to pay a guinea for the priviledge) to quench the thirst of the players and spectators. After the game the players headed for the Woolpack Hotel for more drinking.

The Goldrush era saw the rapid development of the town. At one stage in 1860 there was a report of over 1200 men passing through Tumut in the space of four days as they headed to the Kiandra goldfields. With gold came the bushrangers. The town's one bushranger was William Brookman, a carpenter by trade, who joined the infamous 'Blue Cap' gang. But the the most famous bushranger to work in the area was James Kelly (brother of Ned) who, in 1877, stole some horses in Wagga which they later tried to sell in Tumut.

The post-goldrush period, which had seen people moving through the area to the Adelong and Kiandra goldfields, saw a small boom in the town's fortunes. By 1866 the number of pubs had grown to eleven and this had expanded to 18 pubs by 1880. Today the town has only six pubs. It became a municipality in 1887 and the Tumut Shire, including Batlow and Adelong was created in 1928.

Oriental Hotel - Cnr Fitzroy and Wynyard St's, Tumut.

The Oriental Hotel was originally known as the Queens Arms. It is a typical goldrush era building showing off its affluence. There was a pub on this site as early as 1850 and the first publican was a man named Madigan. This new hotel was designed and built by Frederick Kinred about 1876. He took up Madigan's license. It has a beautiful cast iron verandah.

Bank Corner

The corner of Wynyard and Russell Streets is bank corner with the old Bank of New South Wales (now Westpac), which was built in 1891, on the south west corner. A managers residence was built on the first floor.

Tumut CBC Bank - Wynyard St & Russell St's

CBC Bank (now the National) built in 1889 on the north eastern corner. It also had a managers residence built above. The old Bank of New South Wales is a late Victorian Free Classical building characterised by a two-storey arcaded verandah and Ionic pilasters. The hipped corrugated iron roof is topped by three large chimneys. The old CBC bank is a Victorian Classical Revival designed by the Mansfield brothers. The verandah is supported by fluted cast-iron columns and there are attractive French windows on the first floor.

The Commonwealth Bank is also in Wynyard Street on the northern side between Russell and Fitzroy Street's. It also had a managers residence built on the first floor.

Rotary Lookout

Continue up Wynyard Street. At the top there is an excellent view across the town and the Tumut River to Bombowlee.


Tumut Museum

Place photo

Located in Capper St, the Tumut Museum holds a good display of memorabilia about the local area. It is open Saturdays and Wednesdays from 2.00 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. and at other times by arrangement, tel: (02) 6947 2183, (02) 6947 6731 or (02) 6947 1380.

Pioneer Cemetery

Place photo

Beyond the Roman Catholic Church, cross over the Highway (Adelong Road), following Gocup Rd for a short distance then turn left into a driveway that leads directly to the town's Pioneer Cemetery. The most notable gravestones are those of Thomas Boyd who travelled from Sydney to the present day site of Melbourne with the explorers Hume and Hovell. Also of interest is the grave of the talented Aboriginal cricketer Johnny Taylor who died of measles in 1875. He worked as a stockman at Blowering and was known as the best cricketer in the district before his untimely death. He was in his 20s when he died.

Pioneer Park

Place photo

Located opposite the town's swimming pool, and adjacent the Tumut River, this is a beautiful rural retreat with fine displays of European deciduous trees which are shady in the summer months and spectacular during autumn. There are plenty of park benches for picnics and a pleasant stream winds through the centre of the park.

Stockwell Gardens

Situated around the intersection of Richmond and Russell Streets, the trees have botanical name plates in this award-winning garden.

River Walk

A pleasant walk by the Tumut River.

The Visitors centre has a book available outlining a tree walk. It focuses on the trees from Bungle Rd, along the river to Pioneer Park, taking in Stockwell Gardens.

Elm Drive

Sometimes referred to as the 'Avenue of Elms' this is a spectacular and pleasant walk in any season but is most impressive in spring and autumn when the trees are thick with leaves. It leads down to the old racecourse and further on is the original site of the township which was destroyed by a flood in 1852.

Tumut Broom Factory

Place photo

Millet brooms are still handmade at the Tumut Broom Factory which is located on Adelong Road (ask at the Visitor Centre for directions) and is open from 8.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. on weekdays (closed for lunch). There is no entry fee and no bookings are necessary, except for coaches tel: (02) 6947 2804.

Tumut Valley African Violets Farm

With over 950 named varieties it is reputedly the largest African violet farm in Australia. Located in the grounds of the 120-year-old Tumut Plains School House. It is located 7 km from Tumut on Tumut Plains Rd and offers morning and afternoon teas at the Garden Cafe. In summer, and on school and public holidays, it is open daily from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., closing at 4.00 p.m. in winter. There is no entry fee and no bookings are necessary, except for coaches. For more information contact the owners on (02) 6947 2432.

Boonderoo Wines

Situated on Boonderoo Road (off the Snowy Mountain Highway to the south of town), this small winery is open for tastings and cellar door sales most weekends and at other times by arrangement, tel: (02) 6947 2060.

Bonnie B's Shaker Shed

Place photo

This eccentric collection of over 3000 salt and pepper shakers can be seen by groups or coach groups for an individual entry fee of $2. Located 2.5 km from the main street via the Snowy Mountains Highway (just across Currawong Rd) they are open most days from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., tel: (02) 6947 2060.

Blowering Dam

Take the Snowy Mountains Highway out of town, heading towards Cooma and follow the signs to the Blowering Dam. The journey is 12 km. The dam is impressive with the wall being over 120 metres high. It has the second largest storage capacity in the whole Snowy Mountains project. The dam was the site where the world's longest water-ski run occurred when someone kept going for 1673 km. It also became the location of the world water-ski record when Ken Warby travelled across it on skis at 510.45 km/hour in 1978.

Snowy Mountains Trout Farm

Situated on the Old West Blowering Road, just south from Oddy's Bridge

Located below the Blowering Dam wall, the trout farm, touted as NSW's largest, is open daily from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. for fish sales. Self-guided tours are available on weekends for a small fee, tel: (02) 6947 3612.

The fastest way from Tumut to Canberra is via Gundagai and the Hume Highway. The most interesting route is across the mountains via Brindabella. While this road is perfectly adequate for conventional vehicles in dry weather it is not advised in wet weather or after an extended period of wet weather. There is a fairly substantial stretch of dirt road characterised by clay soil which can become difficult. Otherwise the journey is characterised by beautiful scenery and it is an opportunity to experience the isolation which was such a feature of Miles Franklin's 'My Brilliant Career'.

The first view shown was that of a map of the district, and the speaker announced that 1 would give a description of a four days' trial commencing at Tumut, visiting tho Yarrangobilly Caves, the. Buddong Falls, and other place of interest in the locality. The views of Tumut were remarkably clear and showed the willow-fringed river and the poplar and elm trees growing by the road which make Tumut what it is- the most Englishs of all Australian towns.. The sights seen on a trip up the Tumut Valley, the maize and tobacco fields, were now shown; then leaving the fertllo valley, the speaker took his audience to the rough mountain streams beloved of the trout fisher the Junima Creek and Yarrangobilly Creek. A short discussion on the trout to be caught was followed by a move on to the mountain country lying between the Tumut, Valley and the Yarrangobilly Caves. The ascent of Talbingo Mourtain by a buggy and pair was described as eay and indeed, that road is a fairly well-known one for motorists. The steep drop down to the Caves requires careful driving, as the road out of the side of a mountain, but with the most ordinary care there is no reason for any trouble in getting down,. Some remarkably good views of the Caves followed, and then the trip up to the Buddong Falls was illustrated by a series of photo graphs.

The photographer who took these views much to be congratulated on his skill in climbing a good point of view from which to secur the most effective picture. The picture of the valley of the Yarrangobilly gave a splended idea, of the great stretch of valley,- the lime stone cliffs, and the dense vegetation that clings to the mountain side. Similarly, the views of the Buddong Fall were taken in such a way as to give the best suggestion of the rush of the water and the rugged hillside down which the creek falls.

The speaker described the various routes to be pursued by tourists in exploring the hills and explained that the Tumut residents were anxious to extend the knowledge of their beautiful district, which, as the address abundant proved, is full of Interest for those who have few days to spare. The speaker was loudly applauded.

The next business was an address by Mr. C F. Lindeman on the subject of fishing for what are known as the perch of our coastal rivers Mr. Lindeman has made perch fishing a specality for many years, and, though it was the first time that he had ever addressed a meeting of any Bort on any subject, he soon shower that he had something interesting to say. Few people are aware that there is a first class fighting fish in Australian waters beside the acclimatised trout. As a rule, the fresh water fish of Australia show little sport, but the perch is an exception. Lying in the decpei pools in the day time, he feeds at the surface and in the shallows in the evening, and at night will rise to an artificial fly, or take a spinner or live bait. Growing to a weight of three or four pounds, the perch shows first-class sport, his rush at the bait, and his determined, straight-away charge when hooked, comparing favorably even with the trout. There art two fresh water perches in our eastern rivers, though the difference is so slight as to be unobservable except by the initiated.

One is known as tho fresh water perch (per calates fluvlatllls), while tho other is the estuary perch (percalatoB colonorum). According to Stead's "Fishes of Australia," the estuary perch is often driven by heavy rains out into the salt water, and also come to the salt water for the purpose of spawning; while the fresh water perch lives all the year round In the rivers and pools, and spawns most probably in the fresh water.

It was of this fish that Mr. Lindeman spoke. He stated that 40 years ago he made his first acquaintance with the perch in the Paterson River. The fish were little known, and it was not supposed that they would rise to a fly. Shooting one day in his father's vineyard, he shot a small bird, which fell in a waterhole, and was at once taken down by a perch. He then rigged up a line and hook, and tried baiting with small birds, but the fish never took the hook, though they rose up at and worried the bait. The youthful fisherman had been told that he must on no account allow the hook to protrude, so he had buried it in the body of the bird, and it never had a chance of getting in its deadly work.

He next made an artificial fly with a hook, a bit of rod worsted, and some turkey feathers; and with this primitive weapon he caught a load of fish-the first he thinks that over were caught with the fly in the river, and after many years of experlence, he thinks that there is even now no better thing for perch than the gaudy clumsy worsted and turkey feather. In the early days there were miles of the Patorson River, in any part of which a feed of porch could be caught, but nowadays there are very few to be had. This is described to the waters being fished out, and the small fish destroyed by ignorant or selfish fishermen. He cited an instance of meeting settlor who was carrying a load of 140 perch, none of them more than six inches in length. On remonstrating with the fisherman for taking such small fish, he replied that they were not wasted, as his wife boiled them down for fowl food. Mr. Lindeman suggested that the Fisheries Deparment better put forward every effort by notices and proclamations, to educate the people to a little self-restraint in the matter of taking small fish, and that if a few prosecutions could be instituted, it might do good. In answer to questions Mr. Lindeman gave a lot of interesting information as to the habits of the fish, and the best way to catch it. The perch, he explained, is much better eating than, the trout, and equally game, and he thought it a pity that the Australian fish was so be known or protected, while the imported trout were cared for in every possible way.

On the motion of Dr. Brady (chairman), an enthusiastic vote of thanks was accorded to Mr Lindeman for his address. A discussion on fishing followed, and Messrs. Brodie and Dannevig, of the Fisheries' Department, explained that everything possible had been done to make public the laws as to taking undersized fish, but that the public would not come forward and assist by giving evidence, as no one cared to be mixed up with Police court cases.

Mr. R. A. Warden gave some information as to some phenomenal captures of brown trout in New Zealand by a Mr Campbell, who fished at the spot where the river runs into Lake Tokonau. Fishing at night Mr. Campbell caught some enormous fish, one turning the scale at 231b, and a catch of ten fish averaged over 121b a head. A general discussion closed the meeting. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 29 May 1907).


Camp site - during a Long Bush Walk.

There are a large number of tracks in the area many of which are now part of the Hume and Hovell Walking Track. The most impressive is the 18 km Thomas Boyd Track which crosses valleys on swing bridges. Information about the tracks, including detailed topographical maps, can be obtained from the Tumut Visitors Centre, tel: (02) 6947 7025.

1924 - HUME-HOVELL MEMORIAL Sydney, Saturday. Sir George Fuller, the Premier, and Sir Austin Chapman at Gunning yesterday unveiled a column with a tablet at FISh River in connection with the Hume-Hovell centenary, and laid a foundation stone of the literary instituto and museum for old relics and war trophies. - (Ref- Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 18 October 1924_.

Poplars touched by autumn colours in the Tumut Valley

Davis view looking north from West Blowering Road

Festival of the Falling Leaf.

There is a widely accepted view that autumn in Tumut offers the most spectacular display of 'colours' anywhere in New South Wales. In the 1950s the local headmaster, Alf Woods, instituted the idea of a Festival to celebrate the arrival of autumn and the falling leaves which characterised the town's many parks and gardens. It has become a hugely popular event and is held each year in April-May. Contact (02) 6947 7025 for more information.

Rotay Diary

Place photo

Have you ever seen a Rotary Diary working before? Visitors can view one working at the 3 p.m. milking at this dairy on Tumut Plains Rd, Tumut - just telephone (02) 6947 1905 to make arrangements.

Hang Gliding

Blowering - view from a Glider

"Air Escape" offer powered hang glider flights from Tumut Aerodrome on Brungle Road. They operate daily and offer a trial introductory half-hour flight,

Further HISTORY:


Prior to white settlement, Tumut marked the boundary of three separate Aboriginal tribes. To the north lived the Ngunawal, to the south the Walgalu and to the west, the Wiradjuri. During summer tribes came together and journeyed to the highest peaks to feast on the plentiful Bogong moths. The moth?s outline is used today in the Tumut Region Visitor Centre logo.

During the late 1820s settlers pushed down the Murrumbidgee and by 1829 the first pioneers were on the Tumut River.

Land was first settled at Darbalara, close to the junction of the Tumut and Murrumbidgee. During the first 20 years settlement was scattered along the Tumut River,the original settlement being at Mill Angle, at the end of the present showground road, where the first inn was kept by Tim O'Mara.

On the opposite bank a Mr Anderson set up his blacksmith's shop, and here he and a Mr Foord built the first bridge over the river about 1850.

This was the earliest Tumut - wattle and daub and slab-built huts in which dwelt the blacksmiths and teamsters, until a flood in 1852 consolidated the scattered hamlets into one village, and Tumut as it is today, was born.

By 1887 Tumut (a name derived from an Aboriginal word meaning "a quiet resting place by the river") was a municipality; by 1928 it had become the headquarters of the thriving Tumut Shire, which also embraced Adelong and Batlow.

Today the explorers and the pioneers have long gone, but the haunting beauty of the valley remains. People from the original three tribes still live across the Tumut region and perform rituals and ceremonies at important sites to maintain their relationship with the land. Tumut is the hub of a beautiful valley at the foothills of the Snowy Mountains.

With a population of over 6000 the town boasts a modern cosmopolitan shopping centre equal to the best in any town of the same size, excellent social facilities and a large range of fine caravan parks, motels and holiday flats, bed and breakfast establishments, licensed clubs, restaurants and cafes, and a first class Visitor Information Centre to handle all your enquiries on all the things to see and do in the TumutRegion.

Beauty is everywhere - incredibly beautiful parks, famous trees, Adelong's picturesque pastoral scenes, Batlow's glorious orchard country, Yarrangobilly Caves, awe inspiring power stations and lakes of the Snowy Mountains Scheme, enormous stands of pine and hardwood plantations, and the vast Kosciuszko National Park with its abundance of wildlife and flora, unique landscape and snow.

The township provides a wide variety of quality accommodation optionsto make your stay memorable while the wide selection of outlets in the modern shopping centre will be able to meet all your needs.

Historically, there's plenty to reflect Tumut's heritage: magnificent old buildings including the town's churches, courthouse and hotels, its pioneer cemetery on Adelong Road which includes the grave of ThomasBoyd, a member of the Hume and Hovell expedition which passed throughTumut in 1824.

The Tumut Historical Society's museum has fascinating information about farm and domestic items charting the town's pioneering history, superb photos of the region's development and a special display featuring memorabilia of famous Talbingo author, Miles Franklin.

The magnificent mountainuous terrain of the Tumut region has attracted a large field of international female cyclists competing in the Tour De Snowy. This world class event has gained a reputation equal to the Tour De France.

The Festival of the Falling Leaf is celebrated annually in April. Formore up-to-date information, drop in to the Tumut Region Visitor Centre.

(Ref- http://www.smh.com.au/news/New-South-Wales/Tumut/2005/02/17/1108500199641.html).

Note: In Grevilles Directory.


Page 511

Distance 259 miles South of Sydney

Mail closes at General Post Office daily 4 pm.

Mail arrives at Post Town daily (Tuesday excepted) 4 pm.

Mail leaves for Sydney daily (Friday excepted) 4 pm.

Mail arrives at Sydney daily 7.15 am.

Route - Rail Goulburn, and coach Adelong, 10m. Tumut.

Ref - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~hcastle/grevilles/lists/stu/tum.html#tumut

This page is under construction, any assistance with information would be appreciated. Please send to John Stephenson at: bloweringwebsite@gmail.com or contact on 0431 481 451.

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