Tumut township

TUMUT, NSW

AUSTRALIA

A Tour in the Southern Districts.Date 2nd March 1878 (BY OUR TRAVELLING CORRESPONDENT.)

TUMUT.

THE township of Tumut is situated in the valley of the Tumut, and is built on a rise at its head with the river running along the northern side Tumut in the centre of a large agricultural district principally devoted to the growth of wheat and maize.

Tumut is almost entirely surrounded by mountainous country, which affords in the summer months feed and shelter to stock, large numbers of which are now located in the mountains in between the mountains are several valleys with creeks running through them.

These valleys have been mostly taken up by selectors, who are turning the land to the best account in growing wheat where at all practicable. Tumut is not an incorporated town, although of long standing the streets are well laid out and some fine public buildings are to be seen in them.

Entering the town by the Gundagai Road you pass the new Catholic chapel, the walls and gable ends of which are as yet only erected. A little further on the Presbyterians are erecting a new building on a very commanding site. The Episcopaliau church is at the other end of the township, by the side of the river, while the Presleyans have a very neat chapel in the centre of the town.

The public school has been built on a piece of ground close to the English church, lt is a neat and commodious building; in the centre of the play-ground is a large shed, under which in wet weather the children can amuse themselves. The average attendance of scholars is 130. On the adjacent plot of ground a neat and compact cottage residence has been erected for the teacher.

The Roman Catholic school is also well attended, having an average attendance of 86. At the corner of Wynyard and Fitzroy Streets is the courthouse and Police Barracks; they are good buildings, but have been crowded on too small a space of ground.

The courthouse is built of brick and stone, and affords ample accommodation for the purposes for which it is required. The internal fittings are most complete - far in advance of older towns the magistrates room being, one might say, luxuriously fitted up.

The Police quarters and lock-up are close by, and when the fencing is erected (for which tenders have been accepted), it will be an easy task for the Police to convey any unruly prisoner through the narrow passages and numerous wicker gates to the lock-up. There is plenty of spare land left, but why these buildings have been so crowded close on the other is hard to say; perhaps the department could elucidate the question.

The Temperance Hall is much too small for the purposes to which it is generally put. All entertainments given by any company visiting Tumut are held in this hall, and the town has lately had its fair share of amusements. The last troupe performing here was the Clara Steuenson Dramatic Company, who have had no reason to complain of the patronage bestowed on them, winding up as they did with a bumper house.

Among the business portion of the community the most conspicuous store is that of Mr. M Twomhy, in Wynyard Street. This store is not yet complete, and has been in course of erection for the last three years. On one side is the grocery and men's department, in the centre the ladies and millinery portion, while the remaining side is occupied by the private residence of the proprietor

At the rear of the store is a large building, the lower part forming a fine cool cellar for the storage of heavy goods; the second floor will be utilised for light merchandise, while the upper floor, 70 by 23, is intended as an assembly room, it being Twómhy's intention to erect an hotel on the adjoining piece of ground. When this is built the whole will form the most imposing and finest block of buildings in the town.

A novel feature worthy of commendation is, that there are two large iron tanks just under the roof, from which iron pipes lead down into each floor, and in case of fire hose can be attached and water brought to bear on any part of the building; branches from the pipes also lead into the bathroom and into the kitchen. A large well with force pump fills the tanks when required.

Messrs. Mandelson and Co. also have a fine store, well stocked in every branch.

Messrs. Newman and Co. are doing a large business in the general line; their produce store is now actively employed in receiving and despatching the new wheat as it continually arrives from the district.

Mr. Brooks is the watchmaker of the town,

while the saddlers are represented by Messrs J. and P. Blakeney, Mr. Hoad, and Mr. Simpson. Wheelwrighting and blacksmithing must be a good trade, as I find Mr. Eggleton, Mr. Foord, and Mr. Alíate all in that time with hands full.

Mr. Wilson supplies the residents with animal food from his butcher's shop, and Mr. Ashworth caters as the fruiterer.

Dr. Lynch, a very old and respected resident, has had sole charge of the health of the district till lately, while medicines and prescriptions are carefully dispensed at Mrs. Caspersonn's, one side of whose shop is devoted to supplying fancy goods and literature; copies of loion and Country Journal and Evening News are procurable at this establishment.

I was surprised to find only one bank in Tumut, a branch of the New South Wales; there certainly appears plenty of scope for another one to develop itself.

The hotel accommodation is very good, and amongst them may be noted Mr. C. Quilty's (Commercial), Mr. Fraser's (Royal), Mr. M'Kay's (Bee hive), at which latter I put up while in the town, finding all my wants most carefully looked after by the obliging landlord. The Carrier's Arms is conducted by Mr. Reardon.

To supply these hotels with non-intoxicating drinks Mr. Dear has an establishment, and manufactures first-class cordials and aerated waters.

Mr. M'Laren is the only ultra tailor of the town, and informs me that Geelong tweeds are greatly preteffed in this locality to those manufactured in this colony.

There are several bridges over the Tumut River, connecting the outlying country with the town. The first I crossed was that leading from Wynyard street out onto the Bombowlee plains. These plains or flats are nearly all under cultivation. The first farm met with is that of Mr. A. Piper, sen., containing in all 012 acres. As Mr. Piper has only resided some twelve months here the land was not cultivated this season, fencing having occupied his time, and he found it more to his benefit to rent the land for grazing.

A short distance further is Mr. Wm. Bridles, RoseVale farm of 400 acres, fine alluvial soil. The principal crops were wheat, oats for hay, and maize. Mr. Bridle has gone in for tobacco-growing; the plants will come to maturity in March, but in consequence of the drought the crop will not return more than half a ton to the acre. There is a nice fruit garden at the rear of the house. The trees were fairly loaded, while the mulberry-trees were covered with fruit now nearly ripe. These trees grow and thrive wonderfully well in this district.

Mr. W. Smith's farm was the next I called at; it contains 200 acres, all under cultivation. From his wheat crop just harvested he will have 1000 bushels. Some 35 head of cattle and horses are on the farm.

Mr. E. Head's farm of 60 acres adjoins, of which 40 have been under wheat, returning SOO bushels; there is also a paddock of 12 acres in corn, and the late rains have freshened up this cereal very much.

Continuing along the road, I came to Mrs. Neil Rankin's. This is all grazing land, upon which there are a few quiet mixed cattle.

The evening being cool, I pushed on to try and reach Mr. C. Guy's aboda before dark. The distance I had to travel was 10 miles, and the road was hilly country to the right, while on the left was the Rankin run, an estate fronting the Tumut River for some miles, and containing some splendid flats; in fact it seemed a pity that the plough had not been put into them, for they looked as if they would grow thousands of bushels of corn or wheat, instead of only fattening a few cattle.

I was not at all sorry when I arrived under Pine Mountain, a spur of the dividing range, and almost perpendicular, with Killimicat Creek barely running at its foot. Here I turned sharp to the left, and ascended a hill of considerable height by a sort of zig-zag fashion; then, passing through a swing gate, found myself in the home paddock, but which way to turn was the question, as it was now quite dark; however, I took the left hand track, and after proceeding a mile came to the conclusion I was wrong. I therefore tried back and took the right hand one, when, within a short distance of thé house I was overtaken by Mr Guy, who assured me I was on the right track, he gave me a most cordial welcome. This estate contains 1000 acres of lightly-timbered grass lands, combined with some fine alluvial flats, on the banks of the Tumut River.

A great quantity of the timber has already been rung, and only a small portion of the land has been cultivated sufficient for home use. Mr. Guy's hobby is horse breeding, and the following morning was spent in rambling over the estate, and having a look at the brood mares and cattle. Firstly we interviewed the stables, which contained a four-year-old mare named Idle Girl, by Rioter-Empress, by Louis Napoleon (imported from Tasmania.) This is a fine raking mare, with plenty of bone and muscle ; at first glance she looks rather leggy, but this is somewhat toned down by the length of barrel. She has the look of being speedy, but I doubt her weight-carrying powers. These will, however, be tested at the next Tumut races, for which she is entered.

In the next box was the three-year-old filly Music, by Rioter-Love Not, by Dolo (imp.) Music is to my fancy a much better one than Idle Girl, but may not run so well forward, having been only a fortnight up ; another month will make a great difference in her appearance. There is sufficient flesh on her to want good hard work to reduce.

In another stall was a very taking two-year-old filly by Angler-Josephine. This filly has lately been taken in hand, and will be brought out at the next races. She is the first of Angler's stock to he tried, and good expectations are already formed of what she will be able to perform. Beforo going down to tue paddocks Air. Guy had the brood mares yarded. Taken as a lot, they are far and away the best in the district. Love Not, with foal at foot, has been justly considered the best mare, and carried off the honours at the Shows.

Another mare was Josephine, who two years in succession won the first cups given by the Tumut Club, and these are to be seen on the proprietor's sideboard. All these mares (about 20), with their progeny, were looking remarkably healthy and well, and showed evidence of having been well cared for during the late dry season.

Proceeding to the river paddocks, the first one has been laid down with prairie, Italian rye, and clover; it was quite a treat treading on such a fine carpet, after coming off the dried-up natural grasses. Around this paddock a training-course has been made. It was ploughed, and all uneven places made good, then laid down with English grass, and from the improvements must have cost a nice little penny; it is far superior to a great many of the public race-courses.

On this course Mr. Guy's youngsters are learnt their lessons, and having fair stock to work upon, it is no wonder he Generally appropriates most of the good things going in the district. A few head of cattle, ready for the butcher, wore lazily feeding around.

The entire Angler colt, by Angler-If, by Warhawk (imp.), and bred by R. J. Hunter, Esq., of Wood stock, Victoria, was enjoying his "otium " after the season. Angler colt, now rising six years, was purchased by Mr. Guy at the sale of the Woodstock yearlings. He has certainly left his mark ou his progeny, the Fisherman head being stamped on all of them. Angler's companion was a groy coaching mare, with foal at foot. This mare is eleven years old, and an especial favourite of tho proprietor's.

In the next paddock were four head of fat cattle intended for the forth coming show. Nothing like them are to be found for a large circuit. At present they are estimated to turn the balance at 15001b each. From off this paddock a fine stack of hay was obtained before Christmas, and the appearance of these cattle is evidence of the fine fattening qualities of the artificial grasses when properly laid down.

The thoroughbred entire Winstay, the property of Mr. Guy, was roaming at large in a paddock by himself, and was looking hearty and well, and as skittish as a two-year-old. VVinstay, by Yelver ton -Lady Pitsl'ord, will be ten years next August, and is for sale, Mr. Guy having too many entires for the number of mares in the district. That veteran Livingstone, the joint property of Messrs. Guy and Swift, was in a loose box, and was in fine buckle.

Tiffin, after the ramble, was done full justice to, and bidding my hospitable entertainer adieu, I wended my way towards Bringle Creek, by once more getting on to the main track; a mild canter brought mé to Mr. T Dodd's selection on Killimicat Creek. This is all grazing land, 800 acres, upon which some 300 head of cattle were being fattened up.

Keeping the road for another mile, I pulled up at Mr. M'Gruer's Brungle store, to which is attached the post-office which supplies the wants of the inhabitants of Brungle and Killimicat Creeks. There is a mail twice a week between Tumut and here. From a distance a stranger would not believe there are so many fine valleys amongst this mountainous part of the country, and these all taken up by selectors, who appear happy and contented with their lot.

After leaving M'Gruer's 1 proceeded for half a mile, and then turned to the left and followed up Brungle Creek. In the first four miles I passed two or three huts, at which I could not fiud anyone at home; the first place I afterwards made for being Mr. Archibald Rankin's selec1ion, while a little further on was Mr. M'Keuzii's, who was taking advantage of tho late rains to put the plough into the ground, preparatory for another crop of wheat.

Crossing the creek a mile inland brought me to Mr. M'Kinnon's farm. Ouly a few acres here have been under cultivation, as usual in wheat, the remainder of the land being used for grazing purposes.

I next proceeded as far as Mr Robertson's, and, striking across some paddocks, got into Mr. M. Kiley's land. lt being now quite dark, and for a stranger hard to find the way, the twinkling of a light in the distance was a freshener, and made me once more push on. I had just previously been debating with myself whether I should camp out for the night or not. Mr. M. Kiley was away from home with sheep in the mountains, but his worthy spouse made me welcome. This property is some 400 acres in extent, on the banks of the creek, and has only lately been in the possession of its present owner.

The following morning I was early in the saddle by daylight, and proceeded to Mr. Clout's selection of 430 acres. The flats had been under wheat, and the result was estimated at 1000 bushels. A few young cattle wore grazing about-in fact old cattle are rare to be met with.

A three-mile canter from Mr. Clout's brought me up at Mr. Kiley's, sen., estate, just in time for breakfast. Mr. Kiley has resided here for a number of years. The run consists of 20,000 acres of various sorts of land, - from the creek flats to the mountain ridges ; 11,000 sheep were shorn in the grease last year, the quantity and quality of which was very good. There ave 250 head of cattle in the home paddocks, most of them ready for the butcher. There is a comfortable residence on the banks of the creek, which takes its rise a little higher up in the mountains, but on the run. A refreshing sight is the large number of willow trees planted years ago along the banks of the creek, the lighter tinge of green contrasting with the darker hue of the native Australian gems. Some years ago a large migratory digging population was encamped in the gorges of the mountains, but nothing of a very payable nature being found it gradually died way, and is now entirely deserted. Hiding through Mr. Kiley's paddocks I struck the road leading to Wyangle, and crossing the reserve and creek, taking down innumerable slip panels or rails, I found myself following a track winding round some ugly sidelines on the mountains, and making for the head of Bombowlee Creek, which I struck in about five miles, and ran it down, calling upon one or two, till coming to Mr. G. Morton's selection of 600 acres; a small quantity of land is under maize, which is looking very stunted, and will not return more than half a crop; cattle is what Mr. Morton mostly goes in for.

I was surprised to find that there was no school on either Brungle or Bombowlee creeks. I noticed quite enough children to support one, but I am sorry to say the parents seem quite indifferent as to whether they grow up in ignorance or not. One or two abodes I called at neither parents nor children could read, and this was unblushingly confessed. Surely it is high time the State stepped in and altered things in some way. In these out-of-the way places, I have met numbers of uncultivated and uncouth children, who, when they have grown up will curse their parents for not having had them taught.

Leaving Mr. Morton's, I followed the creek down to the plains, and returned to Tumut over the same bridge as I went out by. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907) Saturday 2 March 1878.)

Looking up the Blowering Valley from "Stansfield's Cutting" West Blowering to Talbingo Mtn.

TO THIS at 2% Full 1983 !!!!!!! (sad)

SOME LOCAL AREAS OF INTEREST WHEN LOOKING AT THE OVERALL HISTORY OF THE BEAUTIFUL TUMUT AREA AND BLOWERING VALLEY.

Tumut - is a town and local government area approximately four hours drive south-west of Sydney. Tumut is geographically the same distance from both Sydney and Melbourne and was once considered a possible site for the nation's capital.

Tumut is the gateway to the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Its name is derived from an aboriginal name for 'resting place by the river'. (Ref - http://www.rootsweb.com/~ausnsw/regions/southeast.htm)

"Lombardy Poplars"

From Town Bridge leading away

The poplars were planted in 1861 by James Carr for Barney Kelly.

Green to changing colour -

Further change in colour

One of the town's most distinctive features is the double row of "Lombardy" poplar trees which lie across the Tumut River from the Anglican Church. The trees were planted in 1861 and form a distinctive wall which is particularly impressive in summer and autumn.

TUMUT'S GIANT POPLARS. - The poplars, 100 feet high, are growing on the banks of the Tumut River, and form one of the show places of the town. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 5 May 1928).

POPLARS OF TUMUT Landscape Makers. - By "Waratah."

There are some towns which call us back again and again. The call may come from the people, the scenic beauty, or pleasure resorts. Sometimes it is from the parks and gardens, Tumut's call is that of the trees. Its splendid poplars have no superior in this State, and there are also Its elms, oaks, and willows.

Tumut First Hotel

Go where you will in search of landscape beauty-the rugged grandeur of the Blue Mountains, the soft, rolling plains of Bathurst, or the silver-lined and green-bordered sea- scapes of the south coast,' where the blue of the ocean is so intense-there is nothing to surpass the panorama from Hospital Hill. Tumut. It is not merely the ever-changing play of colour along the hillsides which makes this picture so enchanting. Alternating shadow patches of purple and gold are thrown on the landscape screen when the sky is flecked with fleecy clouds. On bright, sunny days in springtime it is all shining green, with mauve and grey shadings along the ridges. There is beauty, too, in the gentle contour of the tree-topped slopes, which is balm to the heart of an artist.

Away to the south lhere is another note of majestic splendour, where the frowning blue cliffs of Talbingo Range look down. In the middle foreground runs the willow-lined river, snow-fed and gushing over rapids until it spreads out below the township into a silver stream.

But through all is the dominant note of the poplars. They divide the landscape into a series of splendid pictures, each complete in Itself and suitably framed. First, the poplars of Bombowlee, just over the bridge, known and discussed wherever tree-lovers gather-for their height and girth. Like giant sentinels they stand, and their scintillating leaves can be seen far and wide.

More poplars are seen to right and left, some in groups, singles, and long files of them dividing paddocks. Poplars harmonise with the slender church steeple, giving an English setting, poplars along the hills and flats until they meit into a hazy blue distance, way out towards Brungle and Gundagai.

There is an old world atmosphere about it all, and both the green of the springtime or the burning lights of autumn seem to belong to older climes. Certainly, it is something alien to the rest of the State. Softness and colour blending are the keynotes. But it is the poplars which are Indelibly imprinted on the mind. Their call will not remain unanswered. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954) Saturday 10 December 1938).

"Tumut"

Tumut Trees at Show ground

TUMUT [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.] - The showers which fell throughout this district towards the end of last month inspired people with the hope that the drought had broken up; but since then we have experienced dry warm weather, with occasional strong westerly winds. These have had the effect of carrying off the rain clouds, and of drying up all surface moisture in the soil. On Thursday night there was a slight frost. The state of the weather is causing general uneasiness. A bush fire is burning in the ranges to the south of the town.

As the arrangements made by the Hon. James Hoskins necessitated his leaving Tumut earlier than his friends expected, the dinner which was to have taken place on Friday was dispensed with. For the same reason Mr. Hoskins was unable to accept several private invitations. After his re-election the hon. gentleman lunched with a number of his constituents.

On Wednesday evening last, a numerously attended meeting was held at Mr. Quilty's Commercial Hotel, for the purpose of distributing the prizes awarded at the late show of the Tumut Agricultural and Pastoral Association; the president, Mr. E. G. Brown, occupied the chair. The secretary, Mr. H. C. Tingcombe, informed those present that the prize list amounted to £114 18s., which sum had been paid out of the funds of the association, while only subscriptions from 101 members had been received; still their financial position was good, and when the money promised by the Government was received they would be in quite a prosperous condition. In his opinion, the judges at the late show, if they had not in every instance decided to the satisfaction of exhibitors, had at least acted in a very liberal spirit ; and he thought, for the future, it would be well that where there was only a single exhibit in a class no prize should be given, but that would a matter for the members to consider. Mr. H. Hoad, of Bombowlee, was the largest prize-taker. Mr. J. Allatt, who carried off the prize for the best plough made in the district, and whose exhibits generally were of a high order, came in for a share of applause.

On the motion of Mr. H. Hoad, seconded by Mr. N. Emanuel, it was agreed that the ploughing match should be held on the 16th May next.

It was also decided, that the bull and stallion show shall take place in September following. Ere the meeting closed votes of thanks to the secretary, treasurer, and other officers of the society were carried with acclamation. The chairman pointed out that the association was greatly indebted to those gentlemen who had come long distances to fill the office of judge at the show, and who had striven to do justice to all with the strictest impartiality.

Beautiful town nestled in the Tumut Valley at the foothills of the Snowy Mountains. By any measure Tumut is an exceptionally pretty country town. The Tumut River, which runs for 145 km before joining the Murrumbidgee River at Gundagai, flows along the edge of the town; the plains spread out on either side of the river; and the foothills of the Snowy Mountains rise on all sides. The rainfall ensures that, apart from times of drought, the valley is characteristically green and fertile.

Typical Tumut River View.

The first Europeans into the area were the explorers Hume and Hovell who, travelling down the Murrumbidgee River in 1824, came across the Tumut River. They subsequently entered the Tumut Valley.

Four years later settlers arrived in the valley. One of the first settlers was an Irishman, Thomas Boyd, who had travelled with Hume and Hovell (he is buried in the town's historic cemetery on Adelong Road). He settled at 'Rosebank' near Gilmore and is honoured by the region of the town known simply as 'Boyd', it was previously known by the more pedestrian 'Railway End'.

Map Darbalara

Another was a Mr Warby who settled at 'Darbalara' "Darbalara" on the Murrumbidgee and Tumut Rivers. It is known that on 27 November, 1828 the explorer Charles Sturt Captain Charles STURT (on one of his many unsuccessful missions to find Australia's 'inland sea') stopped at Warby's house. It was here that Elizabeth Warby was born on 10 May, 1830 - probably the first European to be born in the valley.

Early Tumut

Tumut Town - About 1872

The township grew slowly. Squatters were well established in the valley but by 1856 the town was nothing more than a single school building, a few mud and slab huts and three hotels. The town had been surveyed, and laid out in a classic grid pattern, as early as 1848 but it was only a major flood in 1852 which finally persuaded the locals to form some kind of a town.

By 1860 the town had grown to a point where it a local newspaper which eagerly reported that the local cricket club was holding annual meetings and the cricket played on the town's racecourse was so popular that three publicans' booths were provided (the publicans had to pay a guinea for the priviledge) to quench the thirst of the players and spectators. After the game the players headed for the Woolpack Hotel for more drinking.

The Goldrush era saw the rapid development of the town. At one stage in 1860 there was a report of over 1200 men passing through Tumut in the space of four days as they headed to the Kiandra goldfields. With gold came the bushrangers. The town's one bushranger was William Brookman, a carpenter by trade, who joined the infamous 'Blue Cap' gang. But the the most famous bushranger to work in the area was James Kelly (brother of Ned) who, in 1877, stole some horses in Wagga which they later tried to sell in Tumut.

The post-goldrush period, which had seen people moving through the area to the Adelong and Kiandra goldfields, saw a small boom in the town's fortunes. By 1866 the number of pubs had grown to eleven and this had expanded to 18 pubs by 1880. Today the town has only six pubs. It became a municipality in 1887 and the Tumut Shire, including Batlow and Adelong was created in 1928.

Oriental Hotel - Cnr Fitzroy and Wynyard St's, Tumut.

The Oriental Hotel was originally known as the Queens Arms. It is a typical goldrush era building showing off its affluence. There was a pub on this site as early as 1850 and the first publican was a man named Madigan. This new hotel was designed and built by Frederick Kinred about 1876. He took up Madigan's license. It has a beautiful cast iron verandah.

Bank Corner

The corner of Wynyard and Russell Streets is bank corner with the old Bank of New South Wales (now Westpac), which was built in 1891, on the south west corner. A managers residence was built on the first floor.

Tumut CBC Bank - Wynyard St & Russell St's

CBC Bank (now the National) built in 1889 on the north eastern corner. It also had a managers residence built above. The old Bank of New South Wales is a late Victorian Free Classical building characterised by a two-storey arcaded verandah and Ionic pilasters. The hipped corrugated iron roof is topped by three large chimneys. The old CBC bank is a Victorian Classical Revival designed by the Mansfield brothers. The verandah is supported by fluted cast-iron columns and there are attractive French windows on the first floor.

The Commonwealth Bank is also in Wynyard Street on the northern side between Russell and Fitzroy Street's. It also had a managers residence built on the first floor.

Rotary Lookout

Continue up Wynyard Street. At the top there is an excellent view across the town and the Tumut River to Bombowlee.

photo

Tumut Museum

Place photo

Located in Capper St, the Tumut Museum holds a good display of memorabilia about the local area. It is open Saturdays and Wednesdays from 2.00 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. and at other times by arrangement, tel: (02) 6947 2183, (02) 6947 6731 or (02) 6947 1380.

Pioneer Cemetery

Place photo

Beyond the Roman Catholic Church, cross over the Highway (Adelong Road), following Gocup Rd for a short distance then turn left into a driveway that leads directly to the town's Pioneer Cemetery. The most notable gravestones are those of Thomas Boyd who travelled from Sydney to the present day site of Melbourne with the explorers Hume and Hovell. Also of interest is the grave of the talented Aboriginal cricketer Johnny Taylor who died of measles in 1875. He worked as a stockman at Blowering and was known as the best cricketer in the district before his untimely death. He was in his 20s when he died.

Pioneer Park

Place photo

Located opposite the town's swimming pool, and adjacent the Tumut River, this is a beautiful rural retreat with fine displays of European deciduous trees which are shady in the summer months and spectacular during autumn. There are plenty of park benches for picnics and a pleasant stream winds through the centre of the park.

Stockwell Gardens

Situated around the intersection of Richmond and Russell Streets, the trees have botanical name plates in this award-winning garden.

River Walk

A pleasant walk by the Tumut River.

The Visitors centre has a book available outlining a tree walk. It focuses on the trees from Bungle Rd, along the river to Pioneer Park, taking in Stockwell Gardens.

Elm Drive

Sometimes referred to as the 'Avenue of Elms' this is a spectacular and pleasant walk in any season but is most impressive in spring and autumn when the trees are thick with leaves. It leads down to the old racecourse and further on is the original site of the township which was destroyed by a flood in 1852.

Tumut Broom Factory

Place photo

Millet brooms are still handmade at the Tumut Broom Factory which is located on Adelong Road (ask at the Visitor Centre for directions) and is open from 8.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. on weekdays (closed for lunch). There is no entry fee and no bookings are necessary, except for coaches tel: (02) 6947 2804.

Tumut Valley African Violets Farm

With over 950 named varieties it is reputedly the largest African violet farm in Australia. Located in the grounds of the 120-year-old Tumut Plains School House. It is located 7 km from Tumut on Tumut Plains Rd and offers morning and afternoon teas at the Garden Cafe. In summer, and on school and public holidays, it is open daily from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., closing at 4.00 p.m. in winter. There is no entry fee and no bookings are necessary, except for coaches. For more information contact the owners on (02) 6947 2432.

Boonderoo Wines

Situated on Boonderoo Road (off the Snowy Mountain Highway to the south of town), this small winery is open for tastings and cellar door sales most weekends and at other times by arrangement, tel: (02) 6947 2060.

Bonnie B's Shaker Shed

Place photo

This eccentric collection of over 3000 salt and pepper shakers can be seen by groups or coach groups for an individual entry fee of $2. Located 2.5 km from the main street via the Snowy Mountains Highway (just across Currawong Rd) they are open most days from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., tel: (02) 6947 2060.

Blowering Dam

Take the Snowy Mountains Highway out of town, heading towards Cooma and follow the signs to the Blowering Dam. The journey is 12 km. The dam is impressive with the wall being over 120 metres high. It has the second largest storage capacity in the whole Snowy Mountains project. The dam was the site where the world's longest water-ski run occurred when someone kept going for 1673 km. It also became the location of the world water-ski record when Ken Warby travelled across it on skis at 510.45 km/hour in 1978.

Snowy Mountains Trout Farm

Situated on the Old West Blowering Road, just south from Oddy's Bridge

Located below the Blowering Dam wall, the trout farm, touted as NSW's largest, is open daily from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. for fish sales. Self-guided tours are available on weekends for a small fee, tel: (02) 6947 3612.

The fastest way from Tumut to Canberra is via Gundagai and the Hume Highway. The most interesting route is across the mountains via Brindabella. While this road is perfectly adequate for conventional vehicles in dry weather it is not advised in wet weather or after an extended period of wet weather. There is a fairly substantial stretch of dirt road characterised by clay soil which can become difficult. Otherwise the journey is characterised by beautiful scenery and it is an opportunity to experience the isolation which was such a feature of Miles Franklin's 'My Brilliant Career'.

The first view shown was that of a map of the district, and the speaker announced that 1 would give a description of a four days' trial commencing at Tumut, visiting tho Yarrangobilly Caves, the. Buddong Falls, and other place of interest in the locality. The views of Tumut were remarkably clear and showed the willow-fringed river and the poplar and elm trees growing by the road which make Tumut what it is- the most Englishs of all Australian towns.. The sights seen on a trip up the Tumut Valley, the maize and tobacco fields, were now shown; then leaving the fertllo valley, the speaker took his audience to the rough mountain streams beloved of the trout fisher the Junima Creek and Yarrangobilly Creek. A short discussion on the trout to be caught was followed by a move on to the mountain country lying between the Tumut, Valley and the Yarrangobilly Caves. The ascent of Talbingo Mourtain by a buggy and pair was described as eay and indeed, that road is a fairly well-known one for motorists. The steep drop down to the Caves requires careful driving, as the road out of the side of a mountain, but with the most ordinary care there is no reason for any trouble in getting down,. Some remarkably good views of the Caves followed, and then the trip up to the Buddong Falls was illustrated by a series of photo graphs.

The photographer who took these views much to be congratulated on his skill in climbing a good point of view from which to secur the most effective picture. The picture of the valley of the Yarrangobilly gave a splended idea, of the great stretch of valley,- the lime stone cliffs, and the dense vegetation that clings to the mountain side. Similarly, the views of the Buddong Fall were taken in such a way as to give the best suggestion of the rush of the water and the rugged hillside down which the creek falls.

The speaker described the various routes to be pursued by tourists in exploring the hills and explained that the Tumut residents were anxious to extend the knowledge of their beautiful district, which, as the address abundant proved, is full of Interest for those who have few days to spare. The speaker was loudly applauded.

The next business was an address by Mr. C F. Lindeman on the subject of fishing for what are known as the perch of our coastal rivers Mr. Lindeman has made perch fishing a specality for many years, and, though it was the first time that he had ever addressed a meeting of any Bort on any subject, he soon shower that he had something interesting to say. Few people are aware that there is a first class fighting fish in Australian waters beside the acclimatised trout. As a rule, the fresh water fish of Australia show little sport, but the perch is an exception. Lying in the decpei pools in the day time, he feeds at the surface and in the shallows in the evening, and at night will rise to an artificial fly, or take a spinner or live bait. Growing to a weight of three or four pounds, the perch shows first-class sport, his rush at the bait, and his determined, straight-away charge when hooked, comparing favorably even with the trout. There art two fresh water perches in our eastern rivers, though the difference is so slight as to be unobservable except by the initiated.

One is known as tho fresh water perch (per calates fluvlatllls), while tho other is the estuary perch (percalatoB colonorum). According to Stead's "Fishes of Australia," the estuary perch is often driven by heavy rains out into the salt water, and also come to the salt water for the purpose of spawning; while the fresh water perch lives all the year round In the rivers and pools, and spawns most probably in the fresh water.

It was of this fish that Mr. Lindeman spoke. He stated that 40 years ago he made his first acquaintance with the perch in the Paterson River. The fish were little known, and it was not supposed that they would rise to a fly. Shooting one day in his father's vineyard, he shot a small bird, which fell in a waterhole, and was at once taken down by a perch. He then rigged up a line and hook, and tried baiting with small birds, but the fish never took the hook, though they rose up at and worried the bait. The youthful fisherman had been told that he must on no account allow the hook to protrude, so he had buried it in the body of the bird, and it never had a chance of getting in its deadly work.

He next made an artificial fly with a hook, a bit of rod worsted, and some turkey feathers; and with this primitive weapon he caught a load of fish-the first he thinks that over were caught with the fly in the river, and after many years of experlence, he thinks that there is even now no better thing for perch than the gaudy clumsy worsted and turkey feather. In the early days there were miles of the Patorson River, in any part of which a feed of porch could be caught, but nowadays there are very few to be had. This is described to the waters being fished out, and the small fish destroyed by ignorant or selfish fishermen. He cited an instance of meeting settlor who was carrying a load of 140 perch, none of them more than six inches in length. On remonstrating with the fisherman for taking such small fish, he replied that they were not wasted, as his wife boiled them down for fowl food. Mr. Lindeman suggested that the Fisheries Deparment better put forward every effort by notices and proclamations, to educate the people to a little self-restraint in the matter of taking small fish, and that if a few prosecutions could be instituted, it might do good. In answer to questions Mr. Lindeman gave a lot of interesting information as to the habits of the fish, and the best way to catch it. The perch, he explained, is much better eating than, the trout, and equally game, and he thought it a pity that the Australian fish was so be known or protected, while the imported trout were cared for in every possible way.

On the motion of Dr. Brady (chairman), an enthusiastic vote of thanks was accorded to Mr Lindeman for his address. A discussion on fishing followed, and Messrs. Brodie and Dannevig, of the Fisheries' Department, explained that everything possible had been done to make public the laws as to taking undersized fish, but that the public would not come forward and assist by giving evidence, as no one cared to be mixed up with Police court cases.

Mr. R. A. Warden gave some information as to some phenomenal captures of brown trout in New Zealand by a Mr Campbell, who fished at the spot where the river runs into Lake Tokonau. Fishing at night Mr. Campbell caught some enormous fish, one turning the scale at 231b, and a catch of ten fish averaged over 121b a head. A general discussion closed the meeting. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 29 May 1907).

Bushwalking

Camp site - during a Long Bush Walk.

There are a large number of tracks in the area many of which are now part of the Hume and Hovell Walking Track. The most impressive is the 18 km Thomas Boyd Track which crosses valleys on swing bridges. Information about the tracks, including detailed topographical maps, can be obtained from the Tumut Visitors Centre, tel: (02) 6947 7025.

1924 - HUME-HOVELL MEMORIAL Sydney, Saturday. Sir George Fuller, the Premier, and Sir Austin Chapman at Gunning yesterday unveiled a column with a tablet at FISh River in connection with the Hume-Hovell centenary, and laid a foundation stone of the literary instituto and museum for old relics and war trophies. - (Ref- Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 18 October 1924_.

Poplars touched by autumn colours in the Tumut Valley

Davis view looking north from West Blowering Road

Festival of the Falling Leaf.

There is a widely accepted view that autumn in Tumut offers the most spectacular display of 'colours' anywhere in New South Wales. In the 1950s the local headmaster, Alf Woods, instituted the idea of a Festival to celebrate the arrival of autumn and the falling leaves which characterised the town's many parks and gardens. It has become a hugely popular event and is held each year in April-May. Contact (02) 6947 7025 for more information.

Rotay Diary

Place photo

Have you ever seen a Rotary Diary working before? Visitors can view one working at the 3 p.m. milking at this dairy on Tumut Plains Rd, Tumut - just telephone (02) 6947 1905 to make arrangements.

Hang Gliding

Blowering - view from a Glider

"Air Escape" offer powered hang glider flights from Tumut Aerodrome on Brungle Road. They operate daily and offer a trial introductory half-hour flight,

Further HISTORY:

Tumut

Prior to white settlement, Tumut marked the boundary of three separate Aboriginal tribes. To the north lived the Ngunawal, to the south the Walgalu and to the west, the Wiradjuri. During summer tribes came together and journeyed to the highest peaks to feast on the plentiful Bogong moths. The moth?s outline is used today in the Tumut Region Visitor Centre logo.

During the late 1820s settlers pushed down the Murrumbidgee and by 1829 the first pioneers were on the Tumut River.

Land was first settled at Darbalara, close to the junction of the Tumut and Murrumbidgee. During the first 20 years settlement was scattered along the Tumut River,the original settlement being at Mill Angle, at the end of the present showground road, where the first inn was kept by Tim O'Mara.

On the opposite bank a Mr Anderson set up his blacksmith's shop, and here he and a Mr Foord built the first bridge over the river about 1850.

This was the earliest Tumut - wattle and daub and slab-built huts in which dwelt the blacksmiths and teamsters, until a flood in 1852 consolidated the scattered hamlets into one village, and Tumut as it is today, was born.

By 1887 Tumut (a name derived from an Aboriginal word meaning "a quiet resting place by the river") was a municipality; by 1928 it had become the headquarters of the thriving Tumut Shire, which also embraced Adelong and Batlow.

Today the explorers and the pioneers have long gone, but the haunting beauty of the valley remains. People from the original three tribes still live across the Tumut region and perform rituals and ceremonies at important sites to maintain their relationship with the land. Tumut is the hub of a beautiful valley at the foothills of the Snowy Mountains.

With a population of over 6000 the town boasts a modern cosmopolitan shopping centre equal to the best in any town of the same size, excellent social facilities and a large range of fine caravan parks, motels and holiday flats, bed and breakfast establishments, licensed clubs, restaurants and cafes, and a first class Visitor Information Centre to handle all your enquiries on all the things to see and do in the TumutRegion.

Beauty is everywhere - incredibly beautiful parks, famous trees, Adelong's picturesque pastoral scenes, Batlow's glorious orchard country, Yarrangobilly Caves, awe inspiring power stations and lakes of the Snowy Mountains Scheme, enormous stands of pine and hardwood plantations, and the vast Kosciuszko National Park with its abundance of wildlife and flora, unique landscape and snow.

The township provides a wide variety of quality accommodation optionsto make your stay memorable while the wide selection of outlets in the modern shopping centre will be able to meet all your needs.

Historically, there's plenty to reflect Tumut's heritage: magnificent old buildings including the town's churches, courthouse and hotels, its pioneer cemetery on Adelong Road which includes the grave of ThomasBoyd, a member of the Hume and Hovell expedition which passed throughTumut in 1824.

The Tumut Historical Society's museum has fascinating information about farm and domestic items charting the town's pioneering history, superb photos of the region's development and a special display featuring memorabilia of famous Talbingo author, Miles Franklin.

The magnificent mountainuous terrain of the Tumut region has attracted a large field of international female cyclists competing in the Tour De Snowy. This world class event has gained a reputation equal to the Tour De France.

The Festival of the Falling Leaf is celebrated annually in April. Formore up-to-date information, drop in to the Tumut Region Visitor Centre.

(Ref- http://www.smh.com.au/news/New-South-Wales/Tumut/2005/02/17/1108500199641.html).

Note: In Grevilles Directory.

Tumut

Page 511

Distance 259 miles South of Sydney

Mail closes at General Post Office daily 4 pm.

Mail arrives at Post Town daily (Tuesday excepted) 4 pm.

Mail leaves for Sydney daily (Friday excepted) 4 pm.

Mail arrives at Sydney daily 7.15 am.

Route - Rail Goulburn, and coach Adelong, 10m. Tumut.

Ref - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~hcastle/grevilles/lists/stu/tum.html#tumut

This page is under construction, any assistance with information would be appreciated. Please send to John Stephenson at: bloweringwebsite@gmail.com or contact on 0431 481 451.

To Tumut Index - To Front page

1872 - A Tour to the South. [By OUR SPECiAL CORRESPONDENT.J - LOBB'S HOLE TO TUMUT. - LOBB'S Hole deserves a better name. The explanation of its getting such an ugly one is, as I was told, that a kind of rawfish or lobster abounds in the bed of the mountain torrent, and these were locally called 'Lobs, for shortness. I'm rather doubtful about this origin myself, but as it is the generally accepted version, I give it without further question or remark.

On my last I endeavoured to describe the "Walle 'Of Troy,' which were supposed to be impassable, except by the aid of rope ladders. I have heard that while walking along the edge of this precipice many bullocks on their way to market have missed their footing, and been precipitated hundreds of feet below. While leading our horses along we felt that a false step, or treading on a pebble, would have ended disastrously. The difficulty is that the gradient from the rocky wall is about five in six feet, so that our shoulders almost touched the mountain slope when walking on the ledge. After descending, and before getting to Green's, I examined a curious causeway of rock, which runs into the bed of the Yarrangobilly River. It is somewhat similar to that at Ulladulla, previously described.

The causeway has regular parallel grooves, about four foot wide, separated from each other by straight îioi's, that seem as if they had been formed by stone masons with chisels. In those lines traces of copper ore are visible, and the presence of the metal. seems io oemcnt the blocks of stone, which resembles tho pavement of a court-yard.

To get out of Lobb'a Hole it was necessary for us to climb up on to the Monaro Range again, about a thousand feet above. Going out by way of Tumberumba the ascent is said to be less difficult, and as l think I have already remarked, Mr. Thomas Green says that he is aware of an easier way on to Monaro. A few miles below Green's the mountain torrent escapes from Lobb'e Hole through narrow passes or gorges, through whioh the rushing torrent makes a mighty uproar. Southey's amusing lines apply here :

Rattling aud battling, and shaking and quaking,

And pouring and roaring, and waving and raving,

And tossing and crossing, and lowing and growing,

And gloaming and steaming, and streaming and beaming, And rushing and flushing, and brushing and gushing, And flipping and rapping, and clapping and slapping, And curling and whirling, and purling and twirling, Retreating and boating, and meeting and sheeting, Dollying and straying, and playing and spraying,

Advancing and prancing, and claning and dancing,

Iteeniiinti, turmoiling, und toiling and boiling,

And thumping and lumping, and bumping and jumping, And dashing und Hashing, and splashing and clashing, And are never ending, but always desconding,

Sounds and metloos for ever and ever are blending, All at once and all o'er, with a mighty uproar. And this way the water comes down at Lodore

And this way the waters come down from Lobb's Hole, too. This romantic place is said to have once been a retreat of the bushranger Morgan. Mr. Green kindly offered to be my guide out of Lobb'a Hole. We left a curious natural formation, called the 'Toll Bar,' to our left it opens a pass to a settler's, named Cunningham. Acconding the mountain we had a splendid view of Mount Ida, clothed in very dure, with its rocky Wulla fur below. Over a slight eminence we came to a deserted cattle station, and a short distance beyond, my guide left me, with instructions how to reach the Tumut road, ten or eleven miles distant. The track I was on was a very narrow one. I was to follow it along for two miles, and I would reach a swamp when the track disappeared. I was to strike straight across the swamp, and I would again find the track, though not very clear for a mile. I would then come to a dead tree where the track brandies off in two directions. The left-hand track I was to take, which I was to follow for three miles, and at a scrubby place, where broom was growing, the track again branched in two directions. This time I was to follow the right-hand path, which would bring me to the Tumut road from Kiandra. I did not feel happy, or over-confident in these directions, though they were given as clearly as words could give them. I expected to have reached the swamp sometime before I really did. The distance seemed five miles in place of two. I was half-an-hour at the swamp trying to cross without getting bogged, and when I did cross I could not find a track anywhere.

Going up a steep and scrubby range, my horse started on hearing a rushing noise, and almost immediately afterwards a bullock bolted down nearly close to me. Following it at full gallop came two horse men no, horsewomen! My mistake arose through their style of riding-man-fashion. They pulled up on seeing me, and they seemed the strangest beings I had ever seen. They were tall. The one nearest me had on a cabbage-tree hat, and a cotton dress, The other had a hood tied on with a piece of stringy bark, a man's jacket, and nether garments of a feminine sort, but not well defined. I was non plussed for a few moments, and the thought flushed through my mind that they were the daughters of a person who, I had been told, lived in Lobb's Hole for years, and whose depredations on cattle and horses, within forty miles, had made himself and sons notorious. I was so amused on a second glance at the comical appearance they presented, that I pulled out my pocket-book to take a rough sketch, with a most unladylike salute, they at once wheeled their horse's heads around, and were out of sight in a gully in a few moments. They seemed to BUBpeot that they were ' wanted.' I am informed that the present home of this family of sons and daughters all tall and straight as the gum tree is miles away, in a wild place on the road to Tumbarumba.

The bright visions having fled, I had recourse to the sun as a guide, and following what I thought was a north-easterly direction, for about ten miles over scrubby country, I at length came out on a plain, and then to another almost deserted station, called Yarrangobilly. A settler, named Brownleigh, lives in this place, twenty-five miles from Kiandra. Here I obtained a guide, who piloted me to the celebrated caves, five miles distant. The Yarrango billy caves were visited by the Earl of Belmore a few years since. Though they are very fine in many respects, they are not so remarkable as those at the Fish River. They more nenrty resemble the caves at Wellington Valley, especially in their finest feature, the entrance, for the entrance of one of those at Yarrangobilly is strikingly romantio in appearance, and resembles the gateway of a ruined castle, with domed archway. There are, properly speaking, three ewes, I explored, the larger one for about a quarter of a mile. It is in places very narrow, but it widens out considerably in some parts. There are namers of stalactites, and I regretted to "see that some destructive hands had demolished some columns and other ornamonts. With only a single candle it was impossible to do full justice to the whole of these remarkable caverns.

Leaving the caves, I got back to the Tumut road, on my way to the town The Bogong Ranges soon appeared in eight. "When riainer on the top of the Talbingo, said to be the third highest mountain in the colony, I fortunately met the mail contractor (Madigan) before commencing the descent. The mail he was taking was not a heavy one, so we took a short by-path which ran along the side of the mountain, and so escaped the steepest descent. As it was, the zig-zag path we took was extremely difficult, and we had to exercise the utmost care in places to prevent our rolling into tho yawning abyss below. It is certainly surprising to think what capital climbers and sure footed animals bush horses are. We at last got to the foot of the Monaro Range, and into the Tumut district, where a different world presented itself, as regards climate and natural features. The cold bracing air we had felt on the top was changed for a close warm atmosphere below.

It was a fine sunny afternoon the first station is about a mile below the mountain, along the road. It is owned by Mr. O. Lampe, and is called Talbingo. It is a cattle station, having an area of 30,000 acres, watered by the Jounima Creek and Tumut River. The house and garden are on the roadside. Continuing along the road for a few hundred yards I first saw the Tumut River Five miles further on Í came to Mr. John Bowman's farm and accommodation house, where I stayed for the night, quite tired after a long weary day's ride of more than forty miles, over some of the roughest country in the colony. Bowman is an old resident. His farm is a comfortable one of a 100 acres, with a frontage to the Tumut. There is good scenery here. At the back of the houses rises a large mountain called Paradise Peak.

The following morning I had an early start, and when about a mile and a half from Bowman's I crossed the river near the house of Mr. Timmos, a tutor to the family of Mr. Thomas Wilkinson.

Fine willows and acacias on the river bank, and a capital garden and orchard here, come under notice. A canter of half a mile along a track to the right, brought me to Yallowan, Messrs. Wilkinson Bros station, and the residence of Mr. Thomas Wilkinson. The house looks very picturesque on an eminence peeping between the trees. Chicara Peak rises to the south-oust, and the river runs in front. The area of the station is about 25,000 acres, and it has a frontage of five or six miles to the Tumut River. It carries about 1000 head of cattle, and 100 horses.

Recrossing the river, I rode past a number of farms taken up under the Free Selection Act, amongst the principal of which, were Mr. J. E. Bridles, Mr J. P. Higgin's, and Mr. Clifford's. And ltnoBt deserted station in charge of Mr. Ilett, but the property of Mr. Norman, was next passed; and then again crossed the Tumut, and followed the river bank down. About a mile from Mr. Norman's, is the residence of E. G. Brown, Esq, J.P. The scenery is grand in the extreme around Mr. Brown's residence. This cattle station is called "Blowering", and it has an area of about 16,000 acres. The view of the river below the house, the Bogong ranges beyond, and at the top of these immediately opposite the house, a strange romantic wall of rock, visible miles away, go to make up a fine picture. Again crossing the Tumut I rode along the river bank and passed a large number of good farms. When five miles from the town, a comfortable farm house, with well filled barns of wheat, and hastacks of hay, made me rein and salute a hearty looking yeoman, in whom instinctively saw the owner. I found in Mr. George Johnston a most intelligent, practical farmer. He is the largest wheat grower in the Tumut district. He pointed out to me that though the Tumut was an immense wheat growing district, yet the producers were in difficulties as there was no market for the tons of thousands of bushels grown here. The disgraceful state of the roads and the consequent high price of carriage were truly said to be in a great measure the cause of this. A prosperous season, like the past, gives a glutted market in Tumut without an outlet. Ridiculously low prices consequently are the rule. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 9 March 1872).

From Johnston's to Tumut, the road was a good one, and much well grassed land, and a few good paddocks appeared to view. One in particular, consisting of 800 acres on the borders of the town, deserves particular mention. It is a fattening paddock, judging by the condition of the stock it contains. At the lower end, among other large trees, there is a fine walnut tree, which I am confidently assured yielded walnuts last year to the value of £l'i. This paddock is the property of J. B. Sharp, Esq., J.P. TUMUT.

The township of Tumut is on a good broad stream of the some name, 265 miles from Sydney. Tumut was proclaimed a township in 1847, and the first land sale took place in the following year. The population is now over 500. There are four places of worship, two schools, eight public-houses, three stores, one steam-mill, and two water-mills, a post and telegraph offices, a bank, and a few fine private residences. The township has a homely appearance, rendered so by the planting of gardens, and a number of willows and poplars in many places, particularly by the river banks. The place is laid out in the form of a square. The principal streets are called Wynyard, and Fitzroy streets. The court-house has not much to commend it either for elegance or convenience. The bench is an old table. F. W. Vyner, Esq., whose ability, impartiality and courtesy is spoken of in the largest terms, is Police Magistrate. The other members of the benoh are L, Mandelson, E. O'Mara, A. Rankin, and E. G. Brown, Esquires.

The Church of England is constructed on an unusual plan-unusual at least in New South Wales. It is what is known as brick-nogged. The building is very plain and unassuming. It was explained to me that the church was built at the time of the first discovery of gold in the district, and consequently under difficulties. Service was held on the morning following my arrival, and a most eloquent sermon was preached by the incumbent, the Rev. D E. Jones. Many of the congregation come in from the country, judging by the large number of horses and vehicles I saw standing outside the church. A well built parsonage is a short distance from the church near the river, The Roman Catholic Church is of brick. At the side there is being completed a large brick presbytery. The Revs. 0. Twomey and H O'Brien officiate.

The "Wesleyan Church is about the prettiest of all. It is also built of brick. The Kev. Mr. Danne conducts service.

The Presbyterian Church is an old small wooden building. The Rev Mr. Ponnycuik is the minister.

The Tumut Public School is a credit to the town, and to those gentlemen who in the face of difficulties set about the work. It is a good brick building having one large class-room, and two smaller ones. 121 children were on the roll and the average attendance is over 100. The children underwent are examination in grammar, arithmetic and geography Their drawings and copy-books were also exhibited, and they sang several songs. In all these subjects the pupils displayed marked ability. Mr Thos Bonynge is the teacher, and he is assisted by Mrs, Bonynge. The inspector (E. H. Flannery, Esq.,) reported last year: 'The organization is very good tho attainments are very fair. Substantial progress has been made during the past year, and the present condition of the sohool is in every respect deserving of commendation. The members of the local board are Messrs. F. W. Vyner, PM.; E.G. Brown, J.P. ; James Robertson, and L. Mandelson, J.P. The Roman Catholic school was not opened in consequence of a change of teachers being about to take place.

The post-office is under the chargé of an old resident, Mr. Hilton. The telegraph office is under the charge of Mr. M'Kenzie. There is only one bank in Tumut. It is a branch of the Bank of New South Wales, and under the management of Mr. A. T, Holland. The principal stores are those of Mr. Mandelson (the Commercial), in Wynyard-street, and Mr. A. R. Newman (the Bee hive), Fitzroy-stroet.

Mr. Mandelson, has extensive premises of brick with stone foundations erected on ground facing three streets. Drapery, grocery, wines, spirits, ironmongery, etc, are in the various departments. Mr. R. A. Newman's store, in Fitzroy street, is a spacious two story structure with ware houses in the rear filled with bulk goods. A large hotel containing nineteen rooms, is attached to the store. The Tumut Dispensary and Book Depot (Mrs. Caspersonn) has also a small printing office in connection with it. The principal hotels are M'Key's Queen's Arms, Dears Hotel, The Old Rose Inn, The Woolpack, Tho Horse and Jockey, (Filzgorald's) and The Sportsman's Arms. The first named I put up at and found moderate charges and good accommodation.

The Tumut Steam Flour Mill is the property of L. Mandelson, Esq. It is a good large brick building near the outskirts of the town. It works two pair of stones. The two water mills are on the Gilmore Creek, which flows into the Tumut neat the town. The nearest is the property of Mr. N. Mandelson, and the fine mill beyond is the property of Mr. M'Gillvray.

The private residences in Tumut worthy of mention are those of Mr. James Robertson and Mr. L. Mandelson. Mr. Robertson's residence is prettily situated, and constructed on an elegant design, by Mr.J Mayes, of Sydney. The ground slopee from the house to a gully also by the town, and is about four acres in extent. It is planted with choice trees and shrubs, inoluding pines and poplars. Mr Mandeleon's residence is in the centre of the town. It is a large two-story building in brick, and sumptuously furnished throughout.

At the invitation of Mr. E. G. Brown, the late member for the district, and Mr. James Robertson, I rode out with them to see the Tumut or Shelly's Plains, a few miles from the town. The road or lane along whioh we rode presented very pleasant scenes. We first passed Mr. Vyner's private residence, peeping between choice trees and shrubs. On the opposite side was Mr. Cooke's. Mr. Cooke is an old resident, and led the way in planting extensively his grounds with fine trees. He has now what are admitted to be the most majestic row of poplars in the colony. They present a rare sight, and I quite agree with the statement that they are worth an afternoon's ride to see. They line the road side for a considerable distance and look splendid, towering above thr traveller's head.

Crossing a bridge, we find ourselves on the Tumut Plains, and in the vesta, first peeping between the trees, saw the pretty residence of Mrs. Shelly. The plains comprise about 3000 acres of rich alluvil deposit, and the bright green fields from which rise abruptly the Bogong Ranges with their towering summits, present amngnificent pioture of rich and varied scenery. Cantering over these plains we passed some very good stock, and ascending a slight hill, we came to Mrs. Shelly's house. Tho view from here is very fine. Wo returned to town in the evening. On the following morning Mr. Mandelson brought his buggy round, and drove mo over to Bombowlee, which is a fino tract of agricultural loni on the river bank, below Tumut. Tho whole is out up into farms, whioh are principally free hold. These farms yield enormous crops, and present another evidence of the wealth of the district. Mr. Mandelson, whose extensive commercial transactions enable him to form a correct opinion, informed me that the people are on the whole very comfortable. There is no such thing as poverty in the district, and the complaint is that they grow too much-in fact the land yields too abundantly as they cannot sell at a profit. While driving past those numerous farm houses all comfortable looking, and those splendid corn fields rich in golden grain, few could help exclaiming with poor Waller:

Australia, Australia, thy star is shining now,

A Rlorious wreath hath twined around thy youthful brow ;

Thy golden treasures long entombed, thou yield'st to bless the soil

Of those who come to pitch there tents on thy beloved soil ;

Upon thy harbour's bosom float the ships of every clime,

Thy vales are deck'd with waving grain which ripens in due time.

Among the principal of these farms at Bombowlee might be mentioned that of Mr. William Bridle, who is returning officer for the district. This farm is about 220 acres in extent. There is an orchard and vineyard of about two acres, whioh contains many fine varieties of fruit. Among other farms worthy of mention are Hood's, Anderson's, Hicks, Kelly's, Webb's, O'Neil's, and Piper's.

We returned to Tumut in time for dinner. In the afternoon another buggy was placed at my disposal, and Mr. Newman piloted me to Messrs. Ranken Brothers stations, which are at the the borders of the Bombowlee farms There are well-grassed runs, and have a good frontage to the Tumut.

While Tumut is unquestionably a good agricultural district, thexo RTO etil! large tracte only good for pastoral purposes. If the statistics collected is reliable, the following extract will enable those at a distance to form a good idea of its wealth last year, and the way it is distributed. The population is put down in round numbers at 3500. The produce was 38,800 bushels of wheat, 8500 bushels maize, 2500 bushels oats, 5000 gallons wine, besides barley, potatoes, etc. The live stook is placed at 4500 horses, 15,200 horned cattle, and 100,000 cheep. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 9 March 1872).

1903 - A Trip to Tumut. A BEAUTIFUL BIT OF COUNTRY. (BY ROBIN KEMP.) - For a considerable length of time I have had desire to visit Tumut, and view the site of th prospective Commonwealth Capital, and the morning of February 24 found me a passenger in the Cootamundra-Gundagai train, with that object in view. As the iron horse sped along the valley leading to Gundagai, through Muttam Estate, the property' of tho lato Mi Broughton, Coolac, and Mingay Estate owned by Mr. P. J. O'Donnell, one coul hardly imagine such a fertile tract of country | such a dreadful state. Gundagi!, usually wei grassed, is now bare as tho road?, and tho havo wrought by the axe on the timber of the distric shows the straits in which stock-owners ar placed. Arriving at Gundagai (which might aptl be named the "town of bridges"), we found th coaches awaiting us. Mr. George Danvers ls th coach-proprietor, and a credit they are to hin being clean,, sound, and, above all, well horsot The railway will be completed to Tumut next Maj and the steed of flesh and blood will probabl succumb to the iron horse.

The Tumut show eventuating on the following day, a special coach, with three fine horses handled by that able whip, the genial George himself, was chartered to convey the judges across anti on this conveyance I was fortunate enough to secure a seat. Snake yarns and yarns of various descriptions predominated, and when at thought the evergreen Jack Moses had toppei the poll our Jehu, who previously was silently manipulating the reins, brought down on hlmsel the "garb of notoriety" by solemnly stating tha his mail-coach was regularly mot by a goburra or laughing-jackass, and that this bird carrlec the mails daily in his bill to a neighbouring stn tion a few miles distant.

The road from Gundagai to Tumut is mostly through hilly country, very picturesque, small cone-shaped knolls being numerous, with low lying valleys of limited areas, basking in the shadows of surrounding hills. The traveller by coach could very easily be impressed by the belief that Tumut like unto Heaven, insomuch that there is only one road to it; but such is not the case. From Gundagai, I am Informed, there are three-the Brungle-road, the marked i ret line, and the railway line, which runs through the Gadara Capital site. The town itself is of moderate size, of the ancient order, but with many fine buildings, and generally up-to-date, It has a splendid water supply and the sanitäry arrangements speak volumes for the civic representatives.

THE TUMUT RACECOURSE. - The people of the place are proud of their little town, and show visitors over it with pleasure and pride. Messrs. H. Butler, of Adelong, and J. Blakeney, ex-Mayor of Tumut, showed me over the Tumut Racecourse, and those two gentlemen have especial reason to be proud of it. Both have been connected with it for over thirty years. The former, at one time a splendid horse man himself, a compeer of the well-known Billy Yeomans, now of Marengo, saw Tumut couisc when it was in its wild state; when it was adorned by gum trees, and four-forked saplings served for a grandstand. Away back in the seventies these two veterans, Messrs. Butler and Blakeney, with two others, became sureties to the bank for an amount to lay out on the racecourse, and to-day they feel proud of their foresight, and I am sure the district is too. Unreservedly I say Tumut Racecourse is the nicest course in Australia; its natural formation and surroundings are ideal, and those connected with the club have taken advant age of it, and added to it by various means. The Tumut River runs within 100 yards or less of the grandstand, and the shady elms, oaks, and wil lows which are growing in profusion, would be very entiolng to picnic parties, or lovers of the "we two only" order. The appointments on the oourse are also very much up-to-date; good'grand stand, members' stand, ladies' stand, refreshment .and committee rooms, and' a Une lawn, with a good fountain of water playing on it. If eventually Tumut should be selected as the site for the Fede ral Capital, I see in my mind's eye a groat rival for racing supremacy to Sydney and Melbourne in Tumut. How proud the descendants of the pioneers of Tumut Turf Club should be to see a race of equal importance to a Melbourne Cup fought out on the course that their forefathers esta'ollshed. -Re cently, Mr. Butler retired from taking a very ac tive part in the club, and as a memento for ser vices rendered, the club presented him with a beautifully-engraved gold watch.

THE TUMUT SHOW. - The show ground is also situated in close proximity to the racecourse, and is also a lovely bit of country. Mr. Bland Clayton, the secretary, and Mr. Ryder, Tarcutta, (milking 'breeds), are eminently suitable for their positions, and are also backed up by a good strong working committee.

This year the society decided to go in for the best available talent for judging In ali classes, regardless of cost. In the cattle section (Short horn), Mr. J. J. Baylis, Goonahra, Narrandera, und Mr. Ryder, Tarcutta (milking breeds) gave exhibitors every confidence, and, needless to say, satisfaction.

Sheep saw Mr. Oliver, a well known judge, acting. In the poultry, dog, and other, sections, Mr. Oscar Wilson, of Bonaventure Poultry Fawn, and one of the best judges we have at the present time, carried through the task imposed on him very smoothly. That very import ant section (tho horse section) had Mr. P. M. Bourke, Yass, as sole Judgo of all classes, and the seoretary and stewards informed me that they never had less complaints. Mr. W. J. Cartwright, Temora, adjudicated in the agricultural line, and his experience was a sufficient guarantee that he would do justice.

In other classes I did not get the names of judges, but I consider a word of praise is due to the society for going to so much trouble to get exports to Judge for them in the various sections, and it is a progressive step in the right direction.

In the sheep and cattle sections some very nice animals wore exhibited, also poultry was a fairly good show; but in the fruit and vegetable issues a treat was on view for visitors. The exhibits in these classes spoke volumes for the district, notwithstanding the dry season, and after seeing them one would hardly deny the assertion that Tumut is the "Garden of this State."

In the horse section, however, the heaviest bulk of work rested, but the work of the judge was lightened very considerably by having good stewards. The two veterans Messrs. Blakeney and Butler, wore assisted in this section by Mr. Archer Broughton, of Gadara, a young gentleman who promises to graduate to fill the position splendidly. In short, I might say the busy bee of the show were Butler, Blakeley, Broughton, and Bourke (horse judge). Mr. Egan, as ringmaster, was also well mounted, and busy both days, and did himself justice.

Mr. G. H. King, Jun., won first in aged blood horses with a Anosort of a big upstanding chest nut, very suitable for getting hacks, hunters, or Indian iremounts; Mr. Ewell's Ready Money second. In young stallions, Mr. Palmer, of Gundagai, was successful, with an aristocratic son of imported Simmer, a fairly good colt, though a trifle light in bone, and also a little dotty on hind leg. In aged blood mares a fine field paraded, and the judge selected Mr. Madlgan's brown mare for the honour, with Mr. Mason's bay second. Those gentlemen are two good local sports, and the decision was well received. Coaching stallion was won by Mr. Harris' black horse. Draught stalions brought out three fairly good representatives, and the blue ribbon went to Mr. Mason's 4-year-old horse, with Mr. Irvine's neat brown horse second; and in the farming stallion class Mr. Irvine scored first. In draught mares and males, nothing really first-class was exhibited, the winners being Messrs. Tonklng, Harris, Clout, jun., Halloran, and Sturt. In miscellaneous horses, the schedule specified soundness in exhibits, and in consequence many exhibits of quality were thrown out. The most successful horse of the show was Miss B. Rankin's black horse, a really good useful fellow, that can win in moderate company anywhere. The hunting contests were good, and provided exciting finishes. Mr. Thorn's Harkaway won open hunters, also lady, hunter. Mr. Baker's Eastern King won the maiden hunter, and the water jump fell to Mr. Newman's Bondo, who cleared 25ft. Lady equestrienne brought out a splendid field, any one of whom was deserving of a bit of blue, but, after careful consideration, Miss Nelly Harris and Miss Rosie Baker were awarded a blue each.

The young fellows of the district gave an exhibition of riding on buckjumpers that would have impressod Rudyard Kipling even more forcibly than when he said "Banjo" Paterson rode like an angel. Cecil Lambert was awarded the blue and Percy Lambert second in the buckjumping contest.

On the second night of tho show a smoke social was held, and various toasts proposed and responded to. Mr. Thomas Fitzpatrick, M.L.A., of Erinvale, Junee, proposed "Prosperity to the Tumut P. and A. Association," and said in all his experience of Tumut district, extending over 42 years, he never saw the surrounding districts in such a deplorablo condition, but expressed a hope that we should shortly be blessed with a glorious downpour. Mr. William Glasscock, of Greendale, Coolac, replied for "The Visitors," proposed by Mr. Donaldson, the popular member for Tumut. Altogether tho affair was a very suitable finale to the show, and many ardent wishes were expressed by the judges and visiting contingent that fate would be kind enough to allow them on future occasions opportunities to visit and partake of the proverbial hospitality of Tumut friends. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 11 March 1903).

Tumut. November 30.THE CROPS.- Farmers have very little idle time this season. Owing to the late ploughing for maize, some of them have not been able yet to put this year's crop through the machine; and now hay making is fast coming on. The hay crops all round are very good. Fruit is not as plentiful as was anticipated in the early part of the season. All the trees seem to have made too much wood. We have not for years had such an abundance of grass and herbage.

BUSINESS CHANGES.-Messrs. Vincent and Donald son, the contractors, who have won great praise here for their latest work, the now "Jones Bridge," over the Tumut River, on the Kiandra-road, have become so charmed with this place and people that they in tend to settle down among us. Mr. Robert Donald son has bought out Mr. P. Kiley's butchery. Mr. W. Hoad is about to open a third butchery in Tumut ; so residents ought to be well supplied with Christmas beef.

A FATAL ACCIDENT.-On Tuesday last Mr. M. Tuohy, the Tumut coroner, held an inquiry touching the death of Mr. Charles Henry Webb, the manager of Ellerslie Station, near Adelong, when the details of this lamentable event were elicited. On Sunday morning Mr. Webb drove Mr. William Peterson, one of the owners of the station, to Wagga to the train. On his way back one of the horses Mr. Webb was driving (an animal he was driving for the first time) began to kick. Mr. Webb applied the whip, when both horses started off at a fast gallop. The vehicle came in contact with a big stump, and became a perfect wreck. The driver was thrown out upon his head, and fractured his skull. Mr. W. Crain, of Mount Adrah, who saw the accident, did all that was possible, and sent for Dr. Lyttleton; but Mr.Webb died on Tuesday, never having regained consciousness. The deceased was much respected in the district. He has left a young daughter, whose mother died some years ago in giving birth to the Child. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 7 December 1889).

1903 - The Federal Capital Site. (Seo illustrations on pages 20 and 21.) A long stretch of dusty road, up one hill and down another, through overlasting gum troo and stringybark, now and again passing Littlo "cockatoo" homesteads with occasional glimpses of a river away to tho right. The horse lumbers on at a steady jog, the horses knowing to a foot how far it is up each hill, aud pulling doggedly till they got to the top, and then letting her run down the other side. The air is bright, rarifled, intoxicating, for we are a few thousand feet above tho sea, and there is a dry, sweet scent from the gum trees. Here and there, in the grounds of the farm houses, one notices that the plants are all cold-country species-gooseberries and cherries making a considerable show. But there is nothing also about the road from Gundagai to Tumut that is much different from any other Australian road, until suddenly the coach tops a rise, and there, far away up a vast green flat there is a little white town nestled in under the shelter of a big range. Poplars, willows, maize fields, tobacco plantations, all make up a' green setting for this littlo white io wu, that contrasts oddly with the staring, glaring nakedness of the usual Australian township; and as the coach drives up to the town, through the hedges of raspberries and across a river, whose banks are smothered in green herbage, lt scorns as if one had left Australia altogether, and had arrived in some new country.

HOW FOLK LIVE IN TUMUT. The climate of the town is variable. It can be hot enough in Tumut to suit the most thin blooded Queenslander, and it can be cold enough to nip a Nova Scotian; but, as a rule, the days are crisp and bright, with cool nights, and at tho worst a fairly coal night can always be got by Map Showing Situation of the Federal Capital Site. going a little way up the range. The main attractions of the town as a residence are the river and the hills. The valley of the Tumut River is one of the richest pieces of land in Australia. It is about two miles broad near the town, and every foot of it is good lucerne land. Tobacco does well shorn, too, but the mainstay of tho town is the fact that it is a distributing centre for a lot of little ssttlements hidden away in the mountains. There is a little mining done, and occasionally a few fossickers that have struck a patch will come in and wake the town up a bit; but the great standby of Tumut is the money brought in by the "cocky," the small settler who has his 100 acres away up in the mountains, in some parts is rough that pack-horses are not unite extinct yet in the district. All land in the district is very good or very bad, and most of the settlers have a little bit of good river or creek flat, and make it out with pasturage on thc mountains.

THE MOUNTAINEERS. - Sturdy pioneers those mountaineers are, too. They drive into Tumut at tho weekend in weird conveyances that have come down mountain sidings and across fathomless Bullies unharmed; while their horses, with the true swing and action of the mountain horse, pace up and down the streets. They are different from any other Australian settlers, the isolation, the cold climate, and the constant mountain climbing making them a wiry, hard featured lot, more are live and enterprising than the ordinary Australian. It ls said that for its size Tumut sent more men to tho war than any other part of the world.

FURTHER ATTRACTIONS. Thoae who know Australia from end to end say that, apart from the attractions of Sydney or Melbourne, they would as soon live in Tumut as in any part of the continent that could be selected. The river is a great standby for rowing, mid trout should do well in its upper waters. A few miles up the mountain are the Yarrangobilly Caves. All round the town are the mountains, at present rapidly being populated by millions of trout; and down the river, are thousands of acres of splendid land, for farms or gardens; so that tho legislator who makes his home in Tumut can find sport, sight-seeing, and recreation ready lo lils band, and, judging from tho old men, and the look of the children, there is no more healthy place in Australia.

DRAW DRAWBACK. -There is only one real drawback, and that lu Hm distance from everywhere, The Labour members wno live on their l'afllainentary pay will probably live Tumut is suitable a place for a capital ii3 could be hit upon. The barrister, who has to attend consultations, and the merchant, who has to conduct his business, will find it an awrul strain, dragging up and down the miles of railway to the little mountain, town, It is said that a dírect line from Tumut to Wagga will yet be made, and this would sliorlou the trip for Melbourne folk a great deal; but the line to Yass, which is the most direct way to Sydney, is almost impossible, the country being very mountainous. The principal drawback to life in Tumut will be the lack of theatres, amusements, the shipping, and the communication with the outside world, which goes to make life worth living to the busy man.

VIEWS IN THE TUMUT DISTRICT. The Buddong Falls ck Team on the Road.

The Tumut River. Bridge on the Road from Tumut to Gundagai.

1890 - Tumut. April 26. THE WEATHER, - Rain. repeatedly threatens here,; but the clouds pass away without discharging their contents. This afternoon a storm seemed pending, but only a few drops fell. Ploughing is retarded for want of the much-needed moisture, the ground being all too hard. Town street crossings which have not yet been macadamised are ankle-deep in dust.

ROAD CONTRACTS.-Mr. E. Whitley, the contract for for clearing the road from the town to the new Jones's bridge across the Tumut River, has nearly completed his work. The road for a greater part of the distance was covered with stumps and trees. Those have been removed, and when the forming is finished, and ono or two bad places which are sad boga in winter, repaired, another pleasant drivo will be afforded to Tumut residents, to Hay nothing of the advantages to the traflic on the Kiandra-road. Mr. G. Goodman, who has the contract for the formidable cutting at Talbingo Hill, was in town this week dispatching his plant and workmen to the scene of operations, and next week a large body of men will begin the cutting.

WATER SCITEÎTE.-At a meeting of the Municipal Council held on Tuesday evening last, Alderman Blakeney proposed that the works committee should bring up a report as to the best plan for a water scheme for the town of Tumut, and the probablo cost of same. The subject was warmly discussed, and the resolution was adopted. Mr. Travers Jones, member for the district, has promised to urge the Minister for Public Works to aid the council in this important matter, and we hope ero long to soe the scheme un accomplished fact.

POLITICAL.- Mr. Travers Jones, M.L.A., has been travelling about his electorate holding meetings in various places. This evening he gave an account of his stewardship to a large body of electors assembled in the Tumut Oddfellow's Hall. The Mayor occupied the chair. Mr. Jones, who was well received, and was surrounded on the platform by some of his chief supporters, spoke on political matters generally, and more particularly in reference to the good things he has managed to secure for his constituents. Mr. Jones believed in fedoration and intercolonial frcotrado, with protection against the outside world. But he pledges himself to support the Government in all useful legislation, and would be one to pass the Local Government Bill and Public Works Bill before meddling with the fiscal polioy of the country. The meeting closed with a vote of confidence accorded to Mr. Jones. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 3 May 1890).

Tumut.February 16. MUNICIPAL. - At the meeting of the Tumut Municipal Council on Tuesday, Alderman E. G. Brown was unanimously re-elected Mayor, Aldermen Blakeney and Weeden congratulated the Mayor on his re appointment to the chair. His Worship suitably acknowledged the compliment. A communication from tho Department of Mines said that the council's application for a grant of .£200 should ho entertained as soon as funds were available. Tho counoil elected the various committees for the year; after which Messrs. Tuohy and Hilton's tender as valuators at the sum of (Pounds 825) was accepted.

A NARROW ESCAPE.-:One of our principal carriers, Mr. J. J. Curll, had a narrow escape on Thursday last. He was bringing a load of sixty bags of corn from a farmer's place on the Tumut River, when in coming round a narrow siding his wagon capsized. Mr. Curll, being, on the off side of his team, was in great peril. But he escaped without injury. It was at first thought that one of his horses was killed. But, strange to say,the principal damage he sustained was the loss of a few bags of corn.

PROGRESS COMMITTEE.--At a well attended meeting of this body last night, it was resolved to forward to the Minister of Justice a petition signed by all the leading people of the town and district, requesting the reappointmont of a resident Police Magistrate, and suggesting that such an officer should also carry out the duties of C.P.S.

It was also agreed to ask tho Government to replace the present Tumut bridge, with a new and substantial strueture, in keeping with other local improvements. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Thursday 28 February 1889).

.1890 - ACCIDENT - [BY TELEGRAPH.] (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) TUMUT, TUESDAY. - A serious accident happened to the Adelong mail coach this evening. When coming down hill near the Killarney and Gilmore roads the near front wheel came off, and the coach capsized. Glynn, the driver, was severely injured about the face, and a passenger named Dixon dislocated his ankle. Both were taken into Tumut in a cart. Thomas Nestor, landlord of the Woolpack Hotel, received a compound fracture of the leg and other injuries. Mrs. Tutt and her infant escaped uninjured. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 1 January 1890).

1878 - TUMUT.November 26. -

PETITION.- For some time past the residents on the upper part of the river, at Blowering, and Yarrangobilly, have had good reason to complain of the want of a bridge over the Tumut river, on the main road to Kiandra, The traffic had to make a detour of some seven miles over Tumut Plains, which, during the late dry seasons, did not signify much; but during the late wet winter, and even quite lately, the road over the plains has been almost impassable, involving both a serious loss of time and no end of inconvenience, A petition to Government is in course of signature, praying that a sum of £500 be placed upon the estimates for the purpose of erecting a bridge at the old punt.

THE RECREATION GROUND.-The Police court case pending with reference to the right of ingress and egress to the recreation ground had to be postponed on Friday last to Friday next, owing to the sitting of the District Court.

THE WEATHER, CROPS, &O.-During a few days of the past I week we had oppressively hot weather, and close sultry nights, which on Sundny last gave way to a better state of things. Yesterday we bad a bl listerine dust storm, which lasted all day. Towards evening the sky became overcast, with all appearances of speedy rainfall, but at nightfall a sud- den change took place, and this morning was one of tlie coldest of the season, an Icy wind blowing up to noon. Hay making is now proceeding rapidly all over the districts. Grain crops are looking very well, except in low-lying localities, where a good deal is lying flat. The lambing season has been very favourable. Stocks coming to the summer quarters in the mountains fast. At the end of last week two mobs of 6000 each passed through town from Wagga for Argalong and Snubba station, the property ot' Messrs. A. Gilman and S. M. Swift. Shearing ls now going on, and reports from the various sheds are very Houriahing.

THE BUSURANOKRH. - Early this morning our Police received Information that armed men had been seen in the mountain recesses of Yarrangobilly, on the road to Kiandra, and in the course of the day Berceaut Hoellner received orders to go in pursuit in conjunction with reinforcements from Gundagai and Adelong. The latter came in late in the afternoon, and a start was made by the indefatigable sergeant in the evening. They are supposed to be the two strangers belonging to the Kelly gang. Sergeant Joelmer has already, in the old days, won his spurs against the bushrangers at Bombala, having been instrumental in capturing two desperadoes in that district in the days of Gilbert and Ben Hall. He is right through the man of the right sort, and it tells badly for the discrimination of his superiors that, after 23 years honourable service, he remains simple sergeant. As he is well acquainted with the mountainous defiles of the Snowy River there is every hope that messieurs the bush rangers will borun bard for their lives. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 30 November 1878).

1881 - TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 6, - "William Large, Esq., L.F.P. and S.Glass, to be additional vacoinator for the district of Tumut;

GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. - The following notices appear in last night's Gazette :—

CANCELLED POLLING PLACES. — The appointment of Root Hog, Murdering Swamp, Woodstock, and Trunkey, as polling-places for the electoral district of West Macquarie, has been cancelled ; and the following places have been appointed polling-places for that electorate : Chamber's Creek, Cow's Flat, Fitzgerald's Valley, and the village of Mount Pleasant.

CANCELLED RESERVATION OF LAND. — Referring to Gazette notice, dated 7th November, 1871, reserves from conditional purchase on account of population of towns : It is notified for general information, the village of Cathcart not containing by the final census of 1871, as laid before Parliament, 100 inhabitants, the said reservation of land on account of population of Cathcart has been withdrawn from said notice, and is hereby cancelled.

1889 - TUMUT, Saturday A man named Malcolm Gillios was found dead in an out building at the Commercial Hotel yesterday morning by the landlord. Deceased is as a dealer and drover, and resided in Junee. At the inquest a verdict was returned that death was due to natural Causes. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Monday 15 May 1899).

Mrs. Signboard's Maid: Please, sir, in a novelette I have been reading it says "the table groaned beneath the good things." What does it mean? The Hoarder: Oh, in ancient boarding-houses the tables may lave groaned, but nowadays the boarders do it. Ten girls in a composition class were told to write a telegram such as would be suitable to send home in case of a railway accident while travelling. One of the girls wrote:-"Dear papa. Mamma is killed, I am in the refreshment room." Phyllis: Yes, he was paying attentions to her quite a long time. Blanche: Perhaps he hadn't the courage to propose. Phyllis: Oh, I don't know. Perhaps he had the courage not to propose. - (Ref- Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 1 August 1903).

1870 Appointment of ENUMERATORS for the CENSUS.

Gentlemen appointed to be Enumerators under the provisions of the NSW Census Act for 1871. Full list given.

[Government Gazette, 8 December, 1870, p.2731.]

Tumut - Henry HILTON; - (Ref- http://www.dcstechnical.com.au/Rusheen/1.0_People.htm)

1880 - Tumut Certified Denominational Roman Catholic School - Mr Thomas CORCORAN, Teacher.

1897 - ACCIDENT - A lad named Dunn was playing with a loaded toy pistol in company with some others, in Tumut on Saturday, and when fired it burst, and the shot entering the boy's hand and lips. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 5 June 1897).

Tumut. - A THRIVING AND PICTURESQUE TOWN. - RICH AGRICULTURAL LANDS. - (See illustrations on this page and page 27.) There are few if any agricultural districts in New South Wales possessing greater capabilities than in the rich belt of country around the thriving township of Tumut, which needs only the advantages of railway communication to come into greater prominence as an agricultural centre.

At present the nearest railway station is Gundagai, twenty miles distant, although it was intended at one time to extend it to Adelong. However, the residents of Tumut do not quite despair of beholding the approach of the iron horse.

The township is prettily situated on the southern bank of the Tumut River, which has for one of its tributaries the Yarrangobilly, from the limestone cliffs, where the famous caves are situated. Several of the roads loading from the town Mr. John Weedon, Mayor of Tumut ship are bordered with leafy hedbes, whilst there and there are stately poplar trees, which impant somewhat English aspect to the place during certain seasons of the year, and afford a good subject for the artist's pencil.

An excellent view of the town and surrounding country is obtained from the summit of an eminence somewhat impoetically designated, Telegraph Hill. From here the leading building of the town stand out in bold relief.

All Saints; Church with its fine graceful spire is deserved prominent. This large edifice was erected some sixteen years ago, the spire being constructed a the cost of Mr. C. D. Bardwell, of Oberon Station near Adelong. The church also possesses a beautiful stained glass window representing the Cruciflxion, the gift of Mrs. Shelley, in memory of the late Mr. George Shelley, of Tumut Plains. The interior of the church has a neat appearance The incumbent being the Rev. Richard Lee.

The Roman Catholic Church is a fine massive stone structure, and stands upon an excellent site. Near to it is a convent and school, the latter being well attended.

There are also Presbyterian and Wesleyan Churches, together with a Salvation Army barracks.

The public school is a good substantial building, and has an enrolment of 230 children. The playground is a large one and has a very blue elm tree in the centre. The land upon which the school buildings and play ground are situated embraces an area of two acres, and Mr. James Ferguson, the master, is to be complimented on the excellant manner in which everything connected with the school is conducted.

The postal and telegraph office is a commodious structure, centrally situated in the main street, as is also the courthouse. A new lockup and lock-up keeper's residence adjoining are of neat and ornamental design.

The mechanics' institute has a good library, and is well patronised.

There are also lodges of the Freemasons, Sons of Temperance, Oddfellows, and Orange Societies. The Bank of New South Wales and Commercial Bank of Sydney early occupies a very prominent position in the main thoroughfare, and the buildings are of handsome design. The Australian Joint Stock Bank is also represented by a branch.

There are several good hotels in the town, among which Mrs. Fraser's Royal Hotel occupies a very prominent place by reason of its well merited reputation for good accommodation and excellent management. Mr. Madigan's Oriental Hotel is a large building, erected on the site of the old Queen's Arms, the first hotel erected in Tumut, and dating from the year 1850. The hotel, which was erected by Mr. Madigan, easily accommodate a large number of guests, and is well fitted through out in every respect. The extensive and well arranged stables at the rear of the premises contain stalls and loose boxes for about thirty horses: The buildings and yards together occupy about one and a half acres of ground.

The Commercial is also a leading hotel, and commands a considerable amount of custom, being commodious and well arranged.

There are several large stores in the town, foremost amongst which may be mentioned those of Messrs. R. A. Newman and Sons, and Messrs. Mandelson and Company. The former establishment is of an extensive character, and contains a large and varied assortment of general merchandise, all the newest and most striking novelties being always stocked. Mr. Newman is an energetic and valued townsman, and is foremost in all matters that tend to the advancement of the district. The stores of Messrs. Mandelson ami Company are complete with ample supplies of drapery, clothing, mercery, grocery, hardware, earthenware, and crockery and general produce, and a very large business is transacted. The finn, which originally commenced business in Gundagai, came to Tumut in 1857, where they have since maintained a leading position. They possess large bulk stores, and indent largely from the home markets.

Mr. John Weedon of the firm is the present Mayor of Tumut, and is deservedly popular with the towns people.

Mr. H. Walker also has a large store containing drapery, clothing, boots and shoes, grocery, crockery, &c. A very large trade is also done in a special department for baking and confectionery. Mr. Walker has heen in business here since 1887, the present buildings being specially erected for him.

The name of Ah Chee is known far and wide throughout the district, and his stores in which almost every marketable commodity is to be found commands an extensive trade.

The Tumut Brewery is a flourishing industry, and has a reputation of brewing an excellent beer.

Most of the townships in New South Wales possess a recreation reserve, but here at Tumut it is over 100 acres in extent, and is prettily situated on the river flats, and is much used for racing, cricket, football and other sports. There is a grandstand, jockey stand, with commlttee, ladles, luncheon, and other rooms, bars, horse sheds, carriage paddocks, &c.

In another portion of the reserve is a cricket pavilion. The annual races are held in March, a spring meeting taking place in addition, besides semi-annual pony and galloway races. The racing track is one mile five chains in length. The president is elected annually, the present holder of the office being Mr. Robert Dear. Mr. C. S. Berne is the energetic secretary.

The Agricultural Society's show ground covers an area of 0% acres, and is picturesquely placed near the recreation reserve, and, being planted with pines, willows, elms, and ether trees, presents a pleasing appearance. The ground is provided with a pavilion, cattle yards, pens for sheep, pigs, clogs, and poultry, and other necessary appurtenances. The annual show is held in February. Mr. R. A. Newman is president of the Agricultural Society, and Mr. Bland Clayton the esteemed secretary.

Around Tumut the scenery is exceedingly beautiful. The town is bounded by ranges of hills stretching away on either side, and, as the middle distance and foreground are broken by tile winding river, the picturesque banks of which are shaded by graceful willow trees, the scene is most attractive. The rich agricultural character of the district was discovered during the earlier days of settlement, and the luxuriance of the maize and tobacco crops grown on the river has become proverbial. The Tumut maize differs from that grown on the coast, in that it keeps sound, and free from weavil when stored. Good maize and tobacco lands always command high rentals, and when land of special richness has been sold the price obtained is considerable, the available area being limited.

One farmer, Mr. Wilkinson, owns 240 acres on the Tumut River. He paid £16 5s per acre for the land nine years ago, and since purchasing it he has leased it for seven years at an annual rental of 30s per acre. About 120 acres are planted with maize, and yields good average crops. Potatoes and hay are also grown. As much as 16 tons of potatoes have been obtained from a couple of acres, the soil being a rich black alluvial.

Mr. E. G. Bridle is a representative farmer of the district, and possesses fine properties. Rosevale, which consists of 250 acres, is well cultivated; wheat, maize, and oats are grown extensively. On the Avenix Estate, at Brungle, he has a further interest in 150 acres of cultivation and 1600 acres of grazing land, where sheep, cattle, ánd horses are run. Last season his wheat crop averaged fifteen bushels, and the maize fifty bushels per acre.

Dr. Mason has also a fine farm at Bombowlee. It has an area of 150 acres, and of this seven acres are orchard, planted principally with apples and cherry trees. Maize and tobacco have hitherto been largely cultivated. Some seven years ago a large area was leased to the Chinese for tobacco growing, on the halves system. Last year four acres of tobacco yielded 43cwt, or about llcwt per acre.

Mr. French is the manager in charge. Mr. F. D. O'Sullivan is the largest farmer on Gilmore Creek, and has a holding of 1250 acres. From ninety acres of wheat sown last year he received 1800 bushels, an average of twenty bushels to the acre, and from seventy acres planted in maize he had an average yield of forty bushels per acre. He grazes a large number of cattle and horses also on the farm. The largest area under wheat amongst the farmers in the district is from 100 to 120 acres, the average being about eighty. The Gilmore Creek land is, as a rule, better adapted for wheat crops, but what land there is suitable for maize, is exceedingly fertile. One of the Gilmore Creek farmers secured the top average yield of maize, obtaining 120 bushels to tlie acre, a few seasons ago, and secured) the Government prize. As a rule, the Tumut farmers grow maize and wheat and raise a few cattle, the holdings varying from 200 to 700 acres. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 12 December 1896).

1889 - Tumut. - October 12. HOME RULE. - The event of the week has been the visit of Mr. John Doasy, M.P., one of the Irish envoys. Mr. Doasy arrived here last Thursday. He was met on the road, and escorted into town, by a large number of persons in buggies and on horseback. Upon his reaching Madigan's Oriental Hotel he received a congratulatory address, whioh was read to him by Mr. M'Namara, secretary of the reception committee. Mr. Doasy, who spoke from the balcony of the hotel, was warmly received by a crowd of persons gathered in the street.

At night a public meeting was held in the Oddfellows Hall. It was attended by nearly 300 persons, who listened with marked attention and manifost signs of approval to an exhaustive specialy from Mr. Doasy on the subject of Home Rule for Ireland. Mr. William Bourke, of Blowering, ocoupied the chair. Messrs. L. Brennan, M. Arragan, C. S. Byrne, and J. Donaldson also addressed the meeting. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the lecturer; and subscriptions amounting to ¿6110 were handed intoward the fund in aid of evicted Irish tenants.

The proceedings terminated with three cheers for the Queen. Mr. Doasy left yesterday en route for Queanbeyan,

A SPECIAL GRANT.-A telegram which reached Tumut, this week, from Mr. Travers Jones, the member for the district, caused immense satisfaction here. It said that a special vote of ¿612,000 pounds had been passed for the Tumut to Kiandra road, and that tenders would be invited as soon as practicable for constructing the new route over Talbingo. When this is done, and the portion of the road between the town and the Punt Bridge is put in order, a very great boon will be conferred upon our inhabitants.

APPOINTMENT. - Our newly appointod C.P.S. arrived in town by coach on Thursday last, and began his official duties. His predecessor in office will leave Tumut for Inverell on Monday next.

DEMISE.-An old resident of the district passed away last week, in the person of Mrs. Peter Beattie, of Blowering, who died on Sunday last, at the age of 55 years. She was a native of the district, and a daughter of the late Mrs. Thomas M'Alister, the first white woman who come to Tumut.

COMING PLEASURES.-Groat preparations aro being made for the Mayor's ball, to come off on the 18th instant. It is expected to be a grand affair. This event is to be quickly followed by a flower show, a church picnic and concert, and the spring races.- (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 19 October 1889).

1899 - POLLING ARRANGEMENTS. - In a supplement to the " Government Gazette " published on Fruity his Excellency the Governor was pleased to approve of the appointment of the following places as polling places foi the several electoral districts set against their respective names, viz -Albury Electorate, Mullengandra , Annandale, St Aldan's Hall, Johnston street, Annandale , Ashburnham, Cookamidgera, The Barwon, Ballaree , Bathurst. Bathurst railway station, Bourke, Acton Hill, Gumbalie, Warraweena station, Old Brindingabba Cobar, Coronga Peak station, TV inbar station, Condobalin, the Anaconda copper mine, Deniliquin Goolgumbla Glen Innes, Fladbury, Greufell, Nag's Head , Hay, Toogimbie station, Illalawa station, Inverell, Bukkula, Cherry Tree Hill, The Lachlan, Conoble homestead, Corrong, Bunda, Yandembah Willandra station , Macquarie, Norway, Maitland (West), Allandale Monaro, Rosedale, Rock Flat, Moree, Yagobie Moruya, Tilba Tilba, The Murray, Barooga, Momalong, Willow Bank, Spring Plains, Nangunia, Argoon, The Murrumbidgee, Dovhn's Siding, North Yanco, Parramatta, Harris Park East Queanbeyan, Brindabella, Gudgenby, Majura, The Richmond, Mummulgum Tumut, Blowering, Wagga Wagga, Central Ganmain, Wentworth, Till lill, Ulen Dee, Wilcannia, Bunker Creek opal Field, Willoughby, Berowra, Yass, at or near Douglas Palk, Crookwell River, Young, Trungley The Governor-in-Couiicil has also been pleased to approve of the cancellation of the appointment of the under mentioned placea as polling places for the several electorates specified in connection therewith, viz -Annandale Electorite, Annandale Council chambers, Bourke, Goonery Station, The Murray, Summer Glen, The Richmond, Mulmulgun. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 6 June 1899).

TUMUT - TUMUT Golf- Club held their annual ball last Thursday evening. About 100 couples attended. Music was sup plied by the Cootamundra Orchestra.

The annual meeting of Tumut Tourist and Progress League was held last week, Dr. Clouston presiding. The report stated that during the year camping ground had been secured and fenced at a cost of £17/2/6.

A working bee had been held at Brandy Mary's Flat and a number of elm trees donated by Mr E. W. Myers were planted, which will in a few years be much appreciated by picnic parties.

Folders numbering 1O,OOO had been published at a cost of £30 odd and distributed over the Commonwealth Representation were made to shire Council for the construction of tennis courts, which was granted, the tourist league guaranteeing £14 per ycaij rent being 7 per cent, on the outlay; the shire council has also agreed to the request to form a bowling green; sign posts have been erected at various sections as a result of a request to the council.

An additional copy of the picture film of Tumut was obtained and circulated through the State, and many minor matters attendod to. The year commenced with a credit of £11.18.9 and ended with a surplus of £li3/12/3; receipts were £72/19/6, and expenditure £71/6/3.

The follow ing officers were elected:— President, Dr. Clouston; vice-presidents, Mr. J. Wallace, Cfs. L. Cusack and J. Elphick hon. treasuer, Mr. S. Fleming; hon. seretarv. Mr. H. M. Potts: hon. PubLicity officer, Mr. H. Weeden; committee, Eev. F. W. Eettie, Cr. H. Godfrey, Messrs. E. M. Thompson, W. H. Crampton, H. H. Crouch, J. Perry, G. Gorrell L. D. Maitland. C. W. Williams. E. M. O'Regan, and M. E. Archer. A vote of thanks was accorded the hon. secretary (Mr. H. M. Potts) for his work during the past year and to the shire council for courtesy extended.

An organ and vocal recital was held in All Saints' Church. Mr. Walter Thorman of the Conservatory of Music, played organ solos, and vocal solos were rendered by Messrs Potts and Hamtley and All Saints' choir rendered several anthems

Tumut people have raised £90 to assist the Woodbridge family, who are in very poor circumstances, Mr. Woodbridge having been an inmate of the local hospital for some time past. The managers of the fund are applying to the Government for a small piece of land on which to erect a cottage for the family, an an offer to build a small homestead for £60 has been received, as well as another generous offer to partly furnish the cottage.

The Star Hotel has changed hands: Tho late proprietor of the Railway Hotel, Junee (Mr. C. P. Byrne), his wife and family are taking over.

Miss Dulcie Davis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Davis, of Capper Street had a minor operation performed prior to an operation for removal of the appendix, Drs. Browne and Clouston being the surgeons.

The committee of the 1st Tumut Boy Scouts Troop met at the intermediate high school. Mr. Berry occupied the chair. It was decided that the secretary (Miss M. Watson) write to the Eastern Riverina Boy Scouts Association to inquire as to what the necessary qualifications of a Cubmaster must be, the idea being to form a Wolf Cub Pack in Tumut. A social and euchre party are to be held shortly in order to finance the committee. The assistant scoutmaster's report was received and adopted. It was stated that as 1st Tumut Boy Scout Troop ia now an open troop any boy in the Tumut district who is 12 years of ago or over is eligible to be nominated to the troop.

Gundagai footballers visited Tumut, the latter team winning by 34 points to 9.

During June Tumut Hospital jrccoiv ed £1053/l'9/3i O£ this amount £705 was subsidy, £133 was the re sult of the hospital ball, £61/3/7 from the Friendly Societies' Association and £30.3 from air effort by Mrs. Eoe, of Adelong.

The hospital has been treating an average of 14 patients a month recently. - (Ref- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1939)(about) Previous issue Friday 25 July 1930).

TUMUT - THE Silver Jubilee social realised £24, plus the sale of Jubilee medals. A flag dauce was won by Mr. B. Robinson and Mrs. Casey.

Mr. R. C. Bowler's homestead and contents were destroyed by fire. The home was situated at Argalong. It is surmised that during the temporary absence from the kitchen, a piece of wood fell from the stove. and the room was soon in flames. Mr. and Mrs.Bowler, and their niece, Miss Orlander, managed to save a few articles out of the front rooms, before the fire obtained too great a footing. All valuables and personal treasures were destroyed.

Since the retirement of Scoutmaster John French, Scoutmaster .E. J. Farnville has taken over the Tumut Scouts. A portion of the Top Park has been made available for the erection of a Scout hall.

A cup is being offered for efficiency amongst second class scouts. The £1 donated by Mr. S. Crampton for the first Tumut player to score a try in the Maher Cup, was won by Jack Cruise.

A District Committee formed in connection with the King's Jubilee Shilling Fund decided to ask the Town Band to organise a Sunday night concert, and to ask Mr. Stathis if he would arrange for the screening of 'Royal Cavalcade' in connection with the appeal.

The associates 18-hole stroke com petition resulted: — Mrs. Holloway, 99 —22, 77; Mrs. M. Archer, 104—28, 76; Mrs. H. Smart, 105—23, 82; Mrs. T. Eurell, 112—30, 82. Mrs. T. Eurell was the winner of Mrs. Archer's tronhy.

Tennis Tournament: — Ladies' Doubles, Semi-finals: Mesdames Anderson and Eilcy d. Mesdames O'Leary and Troweek, 8/6; Miss Crouen and Mrs. Muir d. Mrs. Taylor and Miss Murphy, 8/3. Final: Miss Crouch and Mrs. Muir d. Mesdames Anderson and Eiley, 8/5. Men's Doubles, ?Semi- finals: AV. Green and F. Sylvester d. Purccll and Welch, 8/3; -Stacy and Stacy d. E. Sylvester and Whyte, 8/7. Final: Stacy and' Stacy d. F. Sylvester and Green, '8/4. Mixed Doubles, E. Sylvester and Mrs. Taylor d. T. Mr,,and Mrs. McBride, 8/4. Singles, Semi-finals: Mrs. O'Leary d: Mrs. Anderson 7/15;- Miss Jeffrey d. Mrs. Iveraeh, 6/3. Final: Miss Jeffrey d: Mrs. O'Leary, . 7/5. Men's Singles, Semi-finals: E. Sylvester d. G. Stacy, 6/2; - W.- Whyte d. L. Sacy, 6/3. Final: E. Sylvester d. AV. Whyte, 6/4. - - Tumut- Tennis Club held a social and euchre tournament. The Monte Carlo dance was won by Mrs- Taylor and Jepsen. Mrs. M' Mullen and Mr. Graham M'Donneli won at euchre.

The Tourist and Progress League decided, to ask the Gundagai Pastures Protection Board to invest the control of the reserve, between the Factory and the pumping station, in the shire council, so that people could be prevented from taking the soil, the result of which was that trees planted by the shire there were falling over through lack of support.

The C.W.A. treasurer reported that the financial position showed a credit of £104/13/4, It was decided that a motion be put on the agenda paper that Younger Set members be allowed to be members of the parent branch and Younger Set at tho same time. The annual birthday of the branch was discussed and it was arranged that an afternoon be held on June 20. The articles made from Maehramc tvino were judged, and the prize (donated by Mrs. J. Broughton) was won by Miss Griffin. At a tennis social Mrs. F. Fitzgerald, who is leaving the district, was presented with a sandwich set from members of the club.

Mr. Leo T. Day, son of the late Mr and Mrs. James Day, of Tumut, died at a private hospital in Paddington, from war disabilities. He was 49 years of age.

Junee Rugby League footballers visited Tumut to play for the Maher Cup. Tumut proved the victors, with 22 points to 3.

Brungle Junior Farmers' gardening competition was won by John Burns.

A show ball is to be held in July.

At the police court, Sergeant Stewart asked the P.M. to adjourn the court for a few minutes to allow a presentation to be made to Constable F. J. Fitzgerald, who was being transferred to Sydney. The P.M. (Mr. J. A. Balmain) made the presentation, a travelling rug, and spoke of tho constable's good qualities. A number of the constable's friends met to bid him farewell. He was presented with an easy chair as a mark of esteem by his friends.

Miss E. Carr won the 18-hole eclectic handicap for Mrs. H. D. Smart's trophy, with 32 net. The new club house at the golf links was opened by the president (Dr. Harbison). Mr. F. Belle, professional of the Cootamundra Golf Club, gave an exhibition of trick shots. A mixed foursomes was played, resulting: — E. J. Holloway and Mrs. Holloway, 57 — 1.5, 42; H. J. Byrne and Miss N. Lynch, 59 — 15, 44; D. Livingstone and Mrs. Livingstone, 9 — 15, 44; K. Kneebone and Miss Masters, 61 — 17, 44.

A euchee tournament was held at the residence of Mr...- and Mrs C. A Oddy, Bowler's Flat, in aid of the Spring Flat P and C Association. Three ran equal for the men's prize — Messrs. C. A. Oddy j J. Forsyth and W Cooma. . They handed back the prize. Mrs. C A. Oddy was the winner of the ladies' prize. - (Ref- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1939)(about) Previous issue Friday 14 June 1935).

DISTRICT NEWS TUMUT. (From. Our Own Correspondent.)

A farewell and presentation was tendered Miss Ada Bridle prior to her marriage to Mr. C. W. Oddy, of Albury, at the residence of Mr. Jack Oddy, Bowler's Flat. Mr. J. P. Sullivan, J.P., made the presentation (a silver cake basket and silver-mounted biscuit barrel) on behalf of her many friends. Miss Dora Sullivan returned thanks for the bride-elect for the gifts, which would always be looked upon by the recipient as amongst her most valued gifts.

At last. meeting of the local hospital committee, cNurse M. Harrison was appointed junior probationer as from Juno 1; Nurse D. Enright as probationer. Sister Whitlock recommenced her duties on June 8. It was decided to purchase an extra cow, also that a drain be cut and willows planted. Department of Public Health asked for reply to their letter on the subject o-f preventive inoculation of hospital nursing, staff against typhoid.

Gundagai footballers visited Tumut on Sunday, and succeeded in taking back with them the Watt Cup. They won the game by one point only, scores being: — Gundagai, 9; Tumut 8.

At the benefit dance for Mrs. Smith, In the Oddfellow's Hall, Mrs W. Clee (nee Ethel Kemp) suddenly collapsed and became unconscious. She was taken to the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. R. Kemp, in Merrivale street, where she died the next morning at 5 o'clock without regaining consciousness. She leaves a sorrowing husband and one grown up son. The funeral took place on Sunday, and was one of the longest seen in Tumut. Deceased was only 38 years of age, and very popular with all friends.

A meeting of the Tumut Parents and Citizens' Association was recently held in the Literary Institute. Dr. Clouston presided. Enthusiastic support was given the proposal to form a Junior Forestry League under the direction of Mr. W. de Beuzcville, chief forester. Mr. C. Teasdale was em powered to foster the movement at the school. . The Education Department wrote, stating that modern furniture of the dual desk type could not be installed at Tumut School until tho congestion at the furniture workshops had been relieved.

The Convent ball was held in O'Brien's Hall on Monday night last. There was a splendid attendance, and the hall was beautifully decorated in gold, mauve and purplo streamers. Music was supplied by Miss Bessie Carr's (Gundagai) orchestra, with extras by Misses E. and G. Howitt, of Tumut. A juvenile was held the following night, and equally well patronised.

A benefit dance and euchre party, organised by the Tumut Relief Committee for Mrs. Smith, held in the Oddfellow's Hall, was very successful. The gross takings amounted to £26, of which £20/7/ was sent to Mrs. Smith, the balance being expenses. The chocolate waltz was won by Miss Burg and Mr. N. Stuart. The euchre tournament was won by Mrs. J. Lee and Mr. E. Nuttall. The annual meeting of the Tumut Town Band was held in the Council Chambers on Friday, 11th June. The secretary read his report, and the treasurer presented the balance-sheet which showed the receipts to be: — Street collections, £66/19/2; business house collections, £109/3/6; engagements, £62/6/6; special efforts, £9/8/1; J. M. Herron, £2/1/6; bank interest, £1/7/7; donations, £1/15/; recital in park, £2/8/11; council subsidy (arrears included), £50; Christmas collections, £17/16/; continental, £33/15/; balance brought forward from 1925, £43/6/10; total, £430 8/1. Expenditure. Bandmastor's salary, £231; repairs to instruments, £6/6/10; music, £5/3/10; conveyance of band, £17/10/; advertising,; 6/; stationery' and stamps, etc. £3/6/11^; W. H. Paling and Co., £16/3/8; bank fee and cheque book, £1; medals, £1/7/6; rent bandroom from Wang Loon, £3/4/; installation; electric light in bandroom, £5/10/; insurance on . instruments, £5/5/2; refund to Friendly Society sports, commit too, £4/10/; refreshments for players, 10/; J. J. Learmont, balance on instruments, £31/2/2; special players engaged, £1/10/; continental freight chargo, £15; cartage, 14/7; sundries,-£2/6/7; credit ' balance in bank,-£78/10/9J; total, £430/8/1. The following were' elected members of the citizens committee:— Messrs. T.. Laird, C. Teasdalo, E. Senintler, E. Elphick, W. Emery and H. James; council representatives, Aid. J. Elphick (mayor), R. Masters and C. Burt; band representatives, Messrs. G Baker, H. Mount and R. H. Wilkinson. Office-bearers. — President, J. J. Learmont; vice-president, Mr. N. C. Adams; treasurer, Mr. H. Mount; secretary, Mr. R. H. Wilkinson; auditors, Messrs. O. C. Potts and H.Weedon. - (Ref- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1939)(about) Previous issue Friday 2 July 1926 Page 41).

TUMUT -

A SOCIAL, was tendered to lady members of Gilmore Agricultural Bureau, and a presentation made to Miss F. Campbell. Visitors were present from Batlow and Tumut Plains branches. A presentation of a lady's toilet set was made to Miss F. Campbell, who is leaving the district, by Cr. T. O'Brien on behalf of fellow members, as a mark of esteem.

A social held in the Spring Flat hall returned £4 profit, to be devoted to the hall fund. The Monte Carlo dances were won by Miss Percival and partner, and Mrs. D. Jones and partner. The P. and C. Association subsidised school at Spring Flat held a euchre tournament at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Oddy, Bowler's Flat, in aid of their annual picnic. The winners were Miss J. Cookson, Miss R. Morris, Messrs. C. Davey and R. Harris.

A dance held at Lacmalac, organised by members of the hall committee, returned £9.

The Tumut Church of England Fellowship Dramatic Club staged 'What Happened to Jones.

There was a fair attendance, and the audience thoroughly enjoyed the performance. The golf trophy winners during the season were: — A grade championship, F. Miller; B grade championship, W. Clout; president's trophy, D. Living stone; captain's trophy, W- Scotton; secretary's trophy, H. J. Byrne; Mr. H. Wecden's trophy, B. Robinson; Mr. H. Smart's trophy, E. Baker; King George IV trophy, J. Baker; Mr. F. L. Baker's' trophy, Dr. J. Mason; For syth cup, J. Peach.

All clubs were represented at a meeting of Tumut District Cricket Association. It was decided to run a competition in two divisions, four teams, Billiards-room A, Batlow A, Tumut Plains and Gilmore to form the A division, and Billiards-room B, Batlow B, Lacmalac, Wyangle-Gocup and the Ten-stoners (Tumut) the B division. The A division play for the Stabback cup, and the B division for the Baker cup. The C.W.A. has sent letters of condolence to Miss Bourke, Mrs. Barrows and Mrs. Allan Downing; also to Mrs. Broughton, secretary of Tumut branch, who has been ill in Sydney. At a Tourist and Progress League meeting the secretary for railways wrote, stating that the request for the erection, of a covered-in-way at Tumut railway station for unloading facilities could not be acceded to. It was decided to make representations to the Government Tourist Bureau so that Tumut would be recognised as a tourist centre. Mr. Staunton gave notice of motion that hr would move at next meeting 'that a publicity officer be appointed'.

The death has occurred of Mrs. Walsh sen of Bombowlee, widow of the late John Walsh, who predeceased her 35 years ago. She was 90 years of age. She leaves a family of four sons, James (America), John (Gundagai), Patrick and Thomas (Tumut); and two daughters, Mrs. Battey (Sydney) and Miss B. Walsh (Bombowlee). At the annual Masonic installation of Lodge Tumut Unity the following were invested: — Wor. master, Wor. .Bro. Wilkinson; IP.IvL, Wor. Bro. W. F. AcGiuor; S.W,., Bro. II. V. Smith; J.W., Bro. R. Dunstan; chaplain, Wor. Bro! J. Malcomson; treasurer, Wor. Bro. J. Edgar; secretary, Bro. D. J. Sanipson S.D., Bro. G. Smith; J.D., Bro! H. H. Robinson; : director of ceremonies, Wor. Bro. T. Quarmby; I.G., Bro. W.D. Percival; tyler, Bro. C. Allatt. A banquet was held in O'Brien's Hall.

The results of the Tumut District Junior Farmers' competition are as follow: — George Pearce (Tumut) .1, John Burns (Brungle) 2, Jeanne Callaway (Gilmore) 3, Jock Claffey (Tumut Plains) 4. - (Ref- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1939)(about) Previous issue Friday 18 October 1935 Page 36).

COUNTRY NEWS - From Our Special Correspondents - TUMUT.

GUNDAGAI ambulance wrote to the Turf Club committee stating they would attend the annual races each day, if possible and asked the club for a donation. Decided to donate £3/3/ to cover the season. The secretary tendered the financial statement for the races held at Xmas time, which showed a profit of £242/8/3.

The programme for the annual races was drawn up. It was decided to alter the distance of the Tumut Handicap from one mile and a quarter to one mile, on account of the sharp turn out of the straight. The prize money was fixed at £320.

To Gilmore Agricultural Bureau, Ambulance Officer Osmond, of Gundagai, wrote offering a cake to be disposed of at the forthcoming hospital and ambulance ball at Gilmore. The balance sheet of the Ferndale school concert showed a credit balance of £6/16/. Collectors for the ball were appointed for the various districts.

Mr. Rupert Masters, building contractor, Tumut, met with a serious accident. He was at Tumbarumba Union Hotel, and walking in his sleep at night, stepped over the balcony and fell 16 feet onto the bumper bar of his car, which he had parked in front of the hotel overnight. The fall was heard by a lady in the hotel. Mr Masters suffered a broken thigh and finger, sprained ankle and abrasions. He was taken to Tumbarumba Hospital.

Master Jack Stuart, messenger at the post office, has been notified of his transfer to Young, where his parents now reside.

Tumut District Cricket Association's Competition. — Catholic Young Men's Society, 174 (L. Cheney 48, Father M Phillips retired 38; W. Adams 2/25), beat Yaven Creek, 114 (E. Pearce 29; Father M' Phillips 4/8, by 60 runs. Wyangle, 5/174 declared (D. Garner retired 55, K. Sheddon 49; D, Wilkinson. 2/33), beat Ten-stoners. (Tumut), 133 (E. Webb 34; K. Sheddon 4/56, D. Garner 3/31), by 41 runs. Gilmore, 5/304 declared (d. Davis not out 167, F. Back 87; J. Whitting 5/28), drew with Whitings-, 9/172 (O. Nean 41, J. Miller 40; J. Back 5/73, P. O'Brien 3/45). Davis compiled the highest score made in the competition this season. Batlow, 315 (C. O'Grady 114, H. Senegal 62; J. Jeffrey 3/48), beat Billiard Room (Tumut), 77 (H. Senegal 3/12, E. Connors 3/31, R. Bryant 4/22), by 238 runs. Tumut Plains forfeited to Adelong:

Mr. W. Clout, of the Bank of New South Wales staff, has been transferred to Coolamon.

Sports were held at Talbingo, funds to be devoted, to the. Spring Flat Hall. The various events resulted: — Pony jump, Mr. Chas. Oddy; cigarette race, Mr. M. Groves; flag race, Mr. C. Oddy; consolation prize, Mr. Ted Groves; stepping the distance, Mr. H. Hinton; ladies nail-driving, Mrs. Freda Oddy. At night a very successful dance was held.

It was decided, by the C.W.A. to leave the appointment of a secretary till a later date. Expressions of regret were made by members regarding the departure of Mrs. Crowburn from the district.

At last Tumut Shire meeting, the estimates for 1938 were fixed as follows:— General rate, 2gd. on the unimproved capital value; water, 5d., with a minimum of 30/; town im provement, 2d.; street lightipg, 1d Total rating for D (town) riding is lOfd. in. the £.

The cycling club asked the Show Society to allot £10 for cycling events at the show, and they would take over the responsibility of running same. It was decided to allot £2/10/ to the club, provided that the club subsidise it with a further £2/10/ and receive all entry fees for the special race, and be responsible for all cycle events. It was decided to hold a dance and euchre party on the second night of the show. The following stewards were appointed for the 1938 show: — Chief stewards, Messrs. A. W. Davis (pavilion), A. A. Curll (ground), C. F. M'Alister (stock) and Jas. Kell (ring); ring master, Col. G. H. L. Harris; horses, Messrs. N. Harris, J. Quirk and V. Harris; beef-cattle, Mr. C. Kell; dairy Shorthorns, Messrs. H. Butler and B. Kell; Jerseys, Messrs. H. Kell and W. Dowling; sheep and wool, Messrs. C. Armstrong, N. Archer and T. Burbury; pigs, Messrs. E. Butler and C. M'Alister; poultry, Mr. R. G. Sturt; farm produce and vegetables, Messrs. R. Sturt, P. Edwards and W. Kell; fruit, Mr. P. E. M'Alister; horticulture, Mr. A. J. Frost; miscellaneous, Mr. R. Quarmby; food and cookery, Mesdames C. Clout and W. Kell and Messrs. C. and J. Clout; dogs,. Mr. R. C. Stevenson; fancy work, Mrs. P. M'Alister, Misses D Quarmby and R. Dowling.

Tumut Swimming Club Point Score. — Seniors, Men: P. Cruise 44, J. Weeden 31, O. Beegling 31, F. Comp ton 20, N. Laughlin 19, R. Masters 17. Women: M. Cruise 29, J. Smart 28, J. Hickey 16, S. Craine 4. Boys, Junior: P. Stevenson 42, J. Weeden 38, P. Cruise. 28, R. Bower 25, R. Masters 20, W. Eurell 15, D. Archer 14, R. Dare 12, J. Maitland 12, A. Archer .11. Girls, Junior: J. clompton 33, M. Wilkinson 25, B. Hines 24, G. Cooper 14, P. Wilkinson 12. Boys 100 metres freestyle handicap, P. Stevenson; boys 50 metres back stroke handicap, J. Weeden; girls freestyle handicap, B, Stubbs; girls backstroke handicap, M. Wilkinson. - (Ref- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1939)(about) Previous issue Friday 21 January 1938 Page 40).

CHIEFLY PERSONAL. Rev. Fathers O'Connell and Slattery have been paying a visit to the Tumut and Adelong parish during the past week.

A man named Williams from Grahamstown, was admitted to the Gundagai Hospital on Monday, suffering from an attack of pneumonia. Mr. R. Donaldson, member for Wynyard, has been laid up with pleurisy. It is Mr. Donaldson's intention to visit Tumut on October 2.

The inquest on the remains of the, late Mr. E. G. Broben, held in Mel bourne last week, was adjourned till Sept. 22nd, to allow of an analysis of the stomach.

The marriage of Miss Clarice Casson (formerly of Cootamundra) to Mr. John F. Massie was cele brated at the Congregational Church, Pitt-st, Sydney, 011 the 8th instant. At Bovvral last Tuesday Rev. Gordon Hirst, formerly C.E. ciirate at Gundasai, was married to Miss Edith Sheaffe, daughter of Mr. G. H. Sheaffe, until recently District Surveyor at Goulburn.

On last Sunday evening at St Paul's Church, Adelong, Mr. Val Wood song- the solo 'Nearer my God to Thee,' the rendition being much appreciated by the congregation. Rev Ross-Edwards, Rector of All Saints, Tumut, occup ied the pulpit.

Mr. Victor Lampe, son of Mr. Theodore Lampe, of 'Woodlands' Talbingo, while cutting a peice of linoleum had the misfortune to in flict an ugly gash in the fleshy part of the left hand through the knife he was using glancing off the piece of floorcloth. The wound was so extensive that he sought the aid of Dr. Mason who had to insert four stitches to close it.

The marriage of Miss Emma Mary Bridle, daughter of the late John Bridle, of Bowlers Flat, Tumut, and Mr. Charles Albert Oddy was solmnised at All Saints' Church, Tumut, on Wednesday afternoon by the Rev Ross-Edwards, Miss Ada Bridle (niece of the bride) was bridesmaid, and Mr. C. W, Oddy (nephew of the bridegroom) filled the role of best man.

A very representative gathering of townspeople of Adelong met at the residence of Mn H; C, Aiken last Friday evening to wish Mr. Val Wood (brother-in-law of Dr. Bond) farewell. About 15 prominent resi dents were present. Mn ' Wood has spent six months in Adelong and during his stay has made many warm friendships and numerous acquaintances. Mr. Aiken occupied the chair and presented Mr. Wood with a dressing case, on behalf of his welhvishes and as a token of his sojourn here. Several others supported Mr. Aiken's remarks eulogising Mr. Wood, and the re cipient's health was drunk to. Mr, Wood suitably returned thanks.

A serions accident occurred on Sunday at the residence of Mr. J. Egan, Snowball. Mrs. D. Ryan, Gundagai, and her son Leo. and daughter Eileen, aged 10, were preparing to return to Gundagai, after having spent the day at Mr. Egan's. The pony was harnessed, and Mr. Ryan was holding it with a loose rein. The little girl Eileen stood on the sulkey step to get her coat, when something startled the horse and it plunged forward, throwing the child into a sitting position on the step. The pony shot along some distance, and Eileen was dashed head foremost against a kurrajong tree. When the child was picked up it was thought she was dead, but an examination showed this was not the case. Dr. Gabriel went out to the scene of the mishap by motor, and pro nounced the case a critical one. The girl was brought home on Mon day in Mr. Bootes' motor car, and in the evening the two local doctors operated on her. It was found that her injuries were not as seri ous as anticipated, and that the skull wag not fractured, so that Eily's recovery is only a matter of time.

The Federal Cabinet finished the Electoral Bill to-day. The principal item is the abolition of postal voting and extension of provision for absent voters, Sigh not if your cold Is painful, O'er its corpse a requiem sing: You can now be quite disdainful, Wood's Peppermint Cure relief will bring, Coughs and colds all fly like magic, At its advent any day; Though their ends may seem so tragic, Woods' will drive all colds away Send 5/0 to tho Adyocatk Office and this paper will be forwarded to you for three months. - (Ref- Adelong and Tumut Express and Tumbarumba Post (NSW : 1900 - 1925)(about) Previous issue Friday 22 September 1911 Page 2).

This report is submitted in good faith. All endeavours have been made to make all entries authentic and correct. For any corrections and additional valuable information, maps and photos you may have please contact John