Adelong Index

Adelong Index

To Adelong Creek Run - Mr David JOHNSON
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To Adelong Maps
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To Adelong Gold
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To Mr John Baxter LAWSON
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To Mr William (1st) RITCHIE
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To Mr John TILLETT
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To Mr William WILLIAMS
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To Adelong Run - Thomas Hill BARDWELL
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To Adelong Schools
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To Adelong Cornwell connections
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To Adelong Towns people list 1872
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To Adelong Crossing people list 1872 - (Tumblong)
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To Adelong Upper people list 1872 - (Wondalga)
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To Adelong Cemetery Photos
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1900 - COUNTRY NEWS. - BANQUET TO PIONEERS. - ADELONG, Friday.

A banquet attended by persons who had resided in the district over 30 years was held at the Royal Hotel yesterday. Thirty pioneers attended. Some of them were miners here 40 years ago.

It showed that Mr. Wilkinson, of Yallowin station, in 1839 resided at Gilmore Creek and witnessed the distressing drought of that year. The creeks were all dried up and the Murrumbidgee was dry on the sand beaches above Gundagai.

Mr. Ferguson, who was in charge of stock where Adelong now stands, had to take stock to Kiandra for grass and water.

Mr. W. Bridle settled in Tumut in 1848, when what is now Wain street was covered with stringybark timber and scrub.

Mr. W. D. Smith was in business when the gold rush occurred and before banks were established. He had dishes of gold under the store counter when bushrangers stuck-up the store, but they did not get any of the gold.

Mr. H. Butler was at Walla Walla station when Morgan the bushranger shot McLean.

Mr. G. Westphal had met Morgan on the goldfields and was at the inquest on his body. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 15 December 1900 Page 12).

Mr. W. Rooke, of Adelong, was brought into the Tumut Hospital last week. He was believed to be suffering from typhoid.

Mr. Stan Whiting, the first typhoid patient from Adelong side, is on the road to convalesence. He also is an inmate of the Tumut Hospital.- (Ref- The Tumut Advocate and Farmers & Settlers' Adviser (NSW : 1903 - 1925)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 4 October 1910 Page 2).

Mr. W. Whiting, of "Clearmont" sustained a severe crushing to his right hand through a large piece of timber falling on it while he was unloading a waggon. It will be another three weeks before he will be able to resume his vocation.- (Ref- The Tumut Advocate and Farmers & Settlers' Adviser (NSW : 1903 - 1925)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 4 October 1910 Page 2).

1856 - OUR GOLD FIELDS. - (From the Goulburn Chronicle.)

Adelong.-With the return of settled fine weather, these gold fields are reviving. We believe that the returns have never been so great in proportion to the population employed. About 150 men are at work on the old Adelong fields. Several applications for water privileges have lately been entertained by the Commissioner. E. Talbot is busily employed in cutting a race two and a quarter miles long, with water head for two sluices.

The contract for cutting, we believe, is £70. Several parties have crossed the ridge into the main Adelong, and are very successful. As this creek is very extensive room for many hundreds is now provided. In Sharpe's Creek, a few parties are doing moderateing well, say about £10 per week per man; but water is getting scarce.

Reedy Flat.-A party of three men from the Ovens, Smedley, Dougherty, and another, have been very busy during the week in washing up the old stuff. Several hundred ounces have rewarded their laborious exertions. They have obtained the right of bringing water from the head of the Gilmore to the Reedy Flat, about six or eight miles, with water for three sluices. The contract for cutting is £250. The old hands now see the prize they have missed.

1856 - Tumberumba and Tarcutta.- About 100 men are at work here with varied success. We understand that an opportunity will be afforded to the miners in the Murrumbidgee district to rid themselves of their accumulated gold before the 31st December, by an armed escort as far as Goulburn.- (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 20 December 1856).

1870 - ADELONG. - TUESDAY. -

The Goldfields Commission arrived at half-past 2, by Cobb's coach; Mr. E. G. Brown and Mr. I. Vyner, of Tumut, were here to receive them. The Commission sit to-morrow, at the Court-house. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 21 September 1870).

1893 - SAD FATAL ACCIDENT. ADELONG, THURSDAY. -

A sad fatal accident occurred last night, resulting in the death of Walter, second son of Mr. John Channon, J.P. The decease, who was 14 years old, was repairing a swimming-hole at Surface Hill, a mile and a half from town. He was on horseback, accompanied by a mate, John Thornton, who rode behind deceased. When within 60 yards only of the bathing hole, on the level ground, the animal fell, and turning completely over struck the lad's head and body with his hip and hind quarter. Master Thornton was unhurt. Mr. Channon, with Dr. Lyttleton, soon arrived, and the unfortunate lad, who was bleeding profusely from the ears and mouth, was conveyed home but died in two hours. Mrs. Channon was absent on a visit to her parents at Middle Adelong, nine miles away at the time. The deceased was a general favourite, and a promising lad. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Friday 10 February 1893).

Special lines in Fountain Pens (the labor-saver), from 1/8 to 12/6. W. W. Burkenshaw'S, Adelong.- (Ref- The Tumut Advocate and Farmers & Settlers' Adviser (NSW : 1903 - 1925)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 4 October 1910 Page 2).

1916 - MAN KILLS BROTHER. - SEQUEL TO QUARREL. MOTHER A WITNESS OF TRAGEDY -

A domestic tragedy occurred at Adelong (N.S.W.) on Sunday, when a farmer named Henry Mack was shot dead by his brother James. Earlier in the day the brothers had quarrelled and come to blows. When Henry Mack returned to the house, James seized a double-barrelled gun and fired both barrels point-blank. Both charges entered the unfortunate brother's neck, killing him instantly,

The only witness to the tragedy was the mother, who is 88 years of age. After the tragedy James Hack proceeded to the Police Station and give himself up. He was placed under arrest on the charge of murder. - (Ref- Zeehan and Dundas Herald (Tas. : 1890 - 1922)(about) Previous issue Thursday 9 November 1916).

1923 - ADELONG. — Dr. David Kerr, Government medical officer here, is dead. His illness was of short duration. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Monday 20 August 1923).

1939 - House Destroyed -

A serious fire occurred at the hamlet of Sharpe's Creek in the Adelong district on Tuesday night. The house of Mr. Ted Whitley was deatroyed, but other buildings were saved. It is understood that Mrs. Whitley left a candle burning whilst she went to another room to see her children. When she returned the place-was on fire. - (Ref- The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 31 January 1939).

1870 - ADELONG. TUESDAY. - The Gold-fields Commission arrived at half-past 2, by Cobb's coach; Mr. E. G. Brown and Mr. F. Vyner, of Tumut, were here to receive them. The Commission sits to-morrow, at the Court House. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 21 September 1870).

1873 - ADELONG. Thursday,- A man at Adelong was killed by lightning last night, while slaughtering bullocks. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 25 October 1873).

1885 - ADELONG. -

The stallion parade in Adelong, on Tuesday; was highly successful. Eighteen horses from all parts of the district wore shown. Mr. Guy's Grosvenor was most admired among the bloods. He is a full brother to Chester. Among tho draughts, Mr. Baker's Northern Hero, from New Zealand; was considered, the finest. A large number of spectators were present. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 19 September 1885).

1897 - TUMUT, Friday - A sad accident happened today Percy Witts, 10 years old, son of Mr Theodore Witts, of the Royal Hotel, Adelong, was travelling with stock in company with Archibald Bell, proprietor of the Summit of Talbingo when his horse fell and rolled on the boy. Bell picked him up in au insensible condition, and carried him to the foot of the mountain.

The sufferer was subsequently brought to Tumut, and Dr Mason and Dr Lyttleton are now consulting the case is regarded as hopeless, the boy's skull being badly fractured. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 29 May 1897).

1898 - Adelong.- The polling here passed off very quietly, perfect order prevailing. The benefit sports were a great success. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 4 June 1898.

1929 - The death of Mr. James H. Paul took place at the Dalby General Hospital on March 6, after a long illness. The late Mr. Paul, who was in his 80s, was a native of Adelong (N.S.W.).

He came to Queensland about 20 years ago to take charge of Spring Meadows Station for Mr. W. Moffatt, where he remained until a few years ago, when the property was purchased by Mr. J. D. Allen. He was a splendid horseman, and was interested in all classes of stock, especially sheep. In the past he had taken a keen interest in the Dalby Show Society as a supporter and exhibitor. He was also a member of the Northern Downs Jockey Club, and was first president of the Dalby Turf Club. Some 14 years ago he was married to Miss S. Wallace, of Caboolture, who survives him, together with a family of six children. The funeral left the St. John's Church of England for the Dalby cemetery on Friday afternoon. The Rev. F. Knight officiated at the graveside, the Masonic rites being performed by Wor. Bro. R. C. Drew, of the Dalby Lodge. - (Ref- The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 13 March 1929).

.1890 - ACCIDENT - [BY TELEGRAPH.] (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) TUMUT, TUESDAY. -

A serious accident happened to the Adelong mail coach this evening. When coming down hill near the Killarney and Gilmore roads the near front wheel came off, and the coach capsized. Glynn, the driver, was severely injured about the face, and a passenger named Dixon dislocated his ankle. Both were taken into Tumut in a cart. Thomas Nestor, landlord of the Woolpack Hotel, received a compound fracture of the leg and other injuries. Mrs. Tutt and her infant escaped uninjured. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 1 January 1890).

1949 - OBITUARY - MR. THOMAS K. BEAVER - The death at the Community Hospital on March 9 öf Mr Thomas K.. Beaver, removed an old employee of the Department of the Interior.

Hé had served the Department for more than 30 years, and was at the time of his retirement; supervisor of the field employees of the Lands, Agricultural and Stock Section of the Department.

He was born at Goulburn near where the present Cathedral now stands and, after the death of his parents at an early age,, went to live at Yabtree Station near Gundagai.

When the -first mail service was introduced from Humula on the present Wagga-Tumbarumba line, to outback stations and wayside post óffices, he ran the mail on horseback.

Leaving Yabtree, he went to live at Adelong, where he married Alice Cupitt, daughter of one of Adelong's first farmers, who had taken up land in that district about 1860.

Following the occupation of a carpenter, he built many buildings around Adelong and Tumut, and constructed barges; one of these was still working recently on the alluvial flats at Grahamstown. He also worked in the Gibraltar Mines and for a number of years he was constructional officer in the NS.W, railways.

Being a prominent member of the M.U.I.O.O.F., he was presented with a sash before leaving Adelong. This sash draped the coffin. After a short service at St John's Church of England, Canberra, by the Rev G F Pyke, the remains were interred in the Canberra cemetery. Four of his grandsons, Messrs K and D Beaver and M and N. Short acted as pallbearers.

Besides his widow; he leaves four children, Ernest (Queanbeyan), Jinnie (Mrs, W Blair of Kew, Vic ), Olive (Mrs. F. Short of Wentworthville) and Thomas (Canberra). - (Ref- The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 23 March 1949).

From: Gabrielle Wright

Subject: [PJ] Robert Beaver - convict and early settler

Date: Sat, 11 Oct 2003 09:35:59 +1000

ROBERT BEAVER was born 24 December 1797 to Robert and Sarah Beaver in Manchester England and died in Hillas Creek, Adelong, New South Wales on 20 March 1877. He was buried in Adelong Cemetery after being attended by Anglican clergyman, W.J. Shelley.

He married CECILIA GALLAGHER on 13 June 1842 in Sutton Forest NSW (Parish of All Saints, County of Camden, both signing with X marks). The incumbent was George Vidal of Sutton Forest and Berrima and they were attended by Emma and James Dovey of Sutton Forest.

More about ROBERT BEAVER

ROBERT BEAVER came to Sydney Australia on 14 September 1818 as a convict from Manchester, England on the ship 'Isabella' which came via Rio from Spithead on 3 April 1818. He was sentenced at Lancaster Quarter Sessions on 17 July 1817 to transportion to NSW for seven years.

At the time of sentencing his native place was Manchester, calling was blar dyer in the textile industry, age 21, height 5ft 7in, hair brown and eyes hazel.

Certificate of Freedom No. 097/2526 issued 12 August 1824 (SR Ref 4/4423, Film 601,

Ticket of Leave 188/413).

On 22 Sept 1818 he was on a list of convicts disembarked from the 'Glory' and 'Isabella' and forwarded to Liverpool for distribution. On 26 May 1823 there was official correspondence concerning obtaining a ticket of leave under false pretences from Denham Court, home of his master, Capt. Richard Brooks, to Rev. Thomas Reddall, JP Airds:

'Sir I have lately heard with some surprise that a man by name Robert Beaver has obtained a ticket of leave, and as he was sentenced to three months hard labour in the Gaol Gang at Liverpool for breaking into my Brother's house with the intention of seducing the sister of his wife or of robbing the house, I suspect he has obtained this ticket of leave in a clandestine manner, and as not withstanding the judicious regulations of the Government those things still too often take place. I wish to submit this case which is within my own knowledge to your consideration, the man having been my government servant. Yours Sir, your very able Brooks' The involvement of his master, Capt Richard Brooks, in the affairs of NSW is well documented, not all of it praiseworthy, and he came in for much criticism for his poor management of convict transports under his control, resulting in the death of Irish convicts, in the colony's early days. On 26 Jun 1823 Robert was on list of prisoners assigned to Henry Sayward - Lower Minto. He was listed as being a government servant employed by the Brooks family from 6 July 1821 to 6 Nov. 1823.

In the 1828 census Robert Beaver was listed as age 29 - free by servitude - employed by squatter, Henry O'Brien, as a stockman at 'Dourro' near Yass.

Robert's occupation at time of his marriage was sawyer and at the baptism of his children (in the Roman Catholic faith) his occupation was shown as farmer.

By 1872, Robert was shown in Greville's directory as living in Adelong NSW as a farmer. Another Beaver descendant, Mrs L. Le Blang, notes in 'Founding Families', Nepean Family History Society, that Robert was convicted of stealing thread and cloth. He became one of Moss Vale's earliest colonists and later owned land in the area. He was also a veteran of the famous Battle of Waterloo. His son Edward took up land at Hillas Creek and then went to Mundarlo and purchased a hotel. Edward was a fancier of blood stock and owned a racehorse, 'Whalebone' which won him 25 pounds and was then sold. Son John was also a hotel keeper at Adelong having owned two in his time.

More about CECILIA GALLAGHER

She was born in 1821 in County Donegal, Ireland.

She came to Sydney on 21 July 1841 as a bounty emigrant from Tullaghobegly, Co. Donegal, Ireland, aged 20, leaving Liverpool on the 4 April 1841 on the 'Helen' in the company of Charles Boyle, his wife and two children. Her occupation according to ship records was 'general servant' and religion was recorded as Roman Catholic. She was the daughter of James and Cicely Gallagher. She could neither read nor write, and her health, fitness and usefulness was regarded as very good.

She died on 15 December 1877 in Hillas Creek, District of Adelong NSW and buried 16 December 1877 in Adelong Cemetery, after being attended by Roman Catholic clergyman, M. Slattery.

Children of ROBERT BEAVER and CECILIA GALLAGHER

CHARLOTTE BEAVER, b. 10.01.1843, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Joseph Thomas 28.2.1866, Berrima NSW

SARAH BEAVER, b. 10.01.1843, Sutton Forest NSW, m. John Bunt 23.9.1867, d. 14.5.1874 bur. Hillas Creek

ROBERT BEAVER, b. 18.08.1845, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Sarah Wiggins 13.8.1875 Goulburn NSW, d. in Wagga Wagga NSW 19.07.1920

JAMES BEAVER, b. 14.7.1847, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Eleanor Wiggins 16.6.1879 Gundagai NSW, d. 01.04.1889, Wagga Wagga NSW

MARY BEAVER, b. 24.12.1849, Sutton Forest NSW, m. John Richardson 6.5.1873 Billapalap Station, d. 1.9.1873 bur. Billapalap

EDWARD BEAVER, b. 16.04.1852, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Ruth Stratter 13.11.1873 Hillas Creek, d. 22.05.1904, District of Wagga Wagga NSW

WILLIAM BEAVER, b. 02.08.1854, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Mary Jane Hasset 17.11.1879 Adelong NSW, d. 24.2.1898, Uranquinty NSW

BENJAMIN BEAVER, b. 08.11.1858, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Margaret McCutcheon 05.07.1881 Cootamundra NSW, d. 1905, District of Wagga Wagga NSW

JOHN BEAVER, b. 09.11.1861, Sutton Forest NSW, m. Catherine Lucy Leary 05.02.1882 Adelong NSW, d. 31.07.1929 Sydney Cheers, Gabrielle Wright (gg granddaughter of Robert Beaver)

William Beaver, who for many years kept the Uranquinty Hotel and also the Hillas Creek Hotel,

Wife - She died at the residence of her son, Mr Robert Beaver, in Crampton Street, Adelong, at the age of 57 years. The late Mrs Beaver was a native and relatives. She leaves a family of four sons and three daughters,

Messrs Robert and

James of Wagga,

William, of Yabtree Station, and

John, the youngest, country at the front, and has also been wounded,

Mrs H, Fisher, of Urana,

Mrs F. Ingram and

Miss Florence Beaver, of Wagga, and

fifteen grandchildren.

She also leaves three brothers,

William and

Frederick Hassett, of Adelong, and

John Hassett of Wagga, National Library of Australia APIDisclaimer Privacy Terms of Use Copyright

Births in Tumut of people with the surname of BEAVER

12552/1858 BEAVER WILLIAM T WILLIAM EMILY TUMUT Unavailable

13573/1861 BEAVER JOHN WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

15858/1865 BEAVER WALTER E WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

15354/1864 BEAVER GEORGE H WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

16820/1867 BEAVER MARY C WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

18752/1869 BEAVER HENRIETTA WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

18306/1871 BEAVER ADELAIDE WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

20143/1874 BEAVER JAMES EDWIN WILLIAM EMILY HERO TUMUT Unavailable

21481/1877 BEAVER ALICE B WILLIAM T MARY A P TUMUT Unavailable

23149/1878 BEAVER MARY A WILLIAM THOMAS MARY A TUMUT

16820/1867 BEAVER MARY C WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

15858/1865 BEAVER WALTER E WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

15354/1864 BEAVER GEORGE H WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

13573/1861 BEAVER JOHN WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT Unavailable

12552/1858 BEAVER WILLIAM T WILLIAM EMILY TUMUT

13082/1859 BEAVER MILDRIDGE WILLIAM EMILY H TUMUT

This report is submitted in good faith. All endeavors have been made to make all entries authentic and correct. For any corrections and additional valuable information, maps and photos you may have please contact

John Stephenson (Mobile 0431 481 451) Ex West Blowering & Tumut Resident, now living in Wollongong, NSW. Australia.

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1848 - Run No. 183.- West, Frank. Name of run," Buna Buck Buck," (Adelong !) Estimated area, thirteen thousand acres. Estimated grazing capabilities, four thousand five hundred sheep. Buna Buck Buck is bounded on the north by the Mingery range, dividing it from Peter Stuckey's station; on the east by the Messrs. Broughton's station; on the south by a range known as the Wandalgee to the Adelong Creek; and on the west by the Adelong Creek dividing it from David Johnston's station. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Monday 16 October 1848).

OBITUARY - MR J. H. PROWSE - The death occurred suddenly at Donnybrook (WA) in the weekend of Mr J. H. Prowse, for many years the member for Forrest (WA) in the House of Representatives. He was defeated at the general election last year. He had a long term as Chairman of Committees and Deputy Speaker. Born at Adelong (NSW) in 1871, he was educated at Adelong Public School and King's College, Melbourne. For 25 years he was with United Insurance Company and 20 years a branch manager.

He was Mayor of Subiaco for one year, and of Perth, 1913 and 1914.

He was a wheatgrower in WA, and half-owner with his brother of the "Wallatin Station".

He leaves a widow, and there are six children of a former wife.- (Ref- The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957)(about) Previous issue Tuesday 23 May 1944 Page 4).

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Adelong, NSW Historic gold mining town Adelong is one of those small country towns where time has stood still. The tree-lined main street is edged by shops with quaint veranda facades. The two pubs, typical Aussie country hotels, look unchanged since the 1940s and the locals still stop and chat on the main street as people do in a country town with a population of less than 1000. Adelong barely deserved to be called a town until gold was discovered in 1853. Two years later there were 2,000 miners spread across the narrow valley and by 1860 the town had grown to around 20,000. Today its appeal lies primarily in the beauty of its main street, the pleasant walk beside Adelong Creek and the excellent remnants of the goldmining era which still exist at the Adelong Falls Reserve

Location Adelong is 411 km south-west of Sydney via the Hume and Snowy Mountains Highways. It is 340 m above sea level.

Origin of Name No one knows precisely what Adelong, or a word which sounded like Adelong, meant in the local Wiradjuri language but it is now accepted that it either meant 'along the way' or 'river on a plain'. As Adelong is in a valley, the last definition seems doubtful.

Things to See and Do An Historic Walk Exploring the Buildings of Adelong There is a delightful historic walk around Adelong which takes about an hour and passes most of the town's interesting and National Trust-listed buildings. The starting point is at the Royal Hotel on the corner of Campbell and Tumut Streets (Tumut Street has been classified by the National Trust) at the Tumut end of town. The Royal is the oldest hotel in town and is a typical country pub with a characteristic wide veranda. On the opposite corner is the Bank of New South Wales, built in 1882. It is a two-storey Classical Revival bank built of sandstone bricks and with a cast-iron and timber veranda and balcony. It oozes prosperity as the town was rich from the surrounding gold mines at the time of its construction.

The walk proceeds along Tumut Street passing the Hotel Adelong, the Post Office (1886), the Apex Park and The Old Pharmacy (1877). On the corner of Havelock Street is a single-storey private house which is a rare extant example of a miner's cottage. It was built in 1873.

In Havelock Street is St Andrew's Presbyterian Church which was built in 1878 and in Lockhart Street is the Wesley Uniting Church, built in 1886. The site had been used by Methodists since the beginning of the goldrushes. Services were held there as early as 1853 and a simple church was built on the site in 1866. Campbell Street is the setting for the Police Station and the Court House which were both built in 1874. On Gilmore Street the Adelong Public School (1877), with its church-like main school building and steep gables, has been listed by the National Trust. In Gundagai Street, St James Catholic Church dates from 1862. It was consecrated in 1868 by Bishop Polding, the first Catholic Archbishop of Australia. From the Catholic church it is only a short walk back to the Royal Hotel.

The Walk Beside Adelong Creek to Adelong Falls Reserve The walk beside Adelong Creek is a delightful way to spend a few hours (the walk is flat and takes about half an hour each way) and the path includes signs which explain the history and processes of gold mining in the area. At various points the visitor gets information like "The 8 metre waterwheel was built in 1870 to power the entire mill … it could generate 37 kw" and, at the Reefer Gold Battery, the function of each of the parts – the flume, the waterwheel, the buddle, the holding tanks, the reverbatory furnace – is explained.

The Walks around Adelong Falls Reserve There are three walks around the Falls. The Ferndale Walk is an easy 40 minute loop which passes the Sawyer's Gully waterfall and the Reefer Battery. The Battery Walk takes 30 minutes and includes the wheel houses and the long staircase and the Campsie Lookout Walk is a 15 minute walk along Adelong Creek.

What makes Adelong so important is that so much of the gold mining equipment is still intact. This make it a real gold mining experience where it is possible to see the original battery, inspect the stone ruins and pan for gold just as the fossickers and miners did back in the 1860s and 1870s.

Richie's Gold Battery at the Adelong Falls Reserve

The Adelong Falls Reserve, which is located on the Old Gundagai Road to the west of the town, is a combination of walks, some falls and pools where it is still possible to pan for gold, and the remnants and ruins of Richie's Gold Battery which was built by David Wilson and William Richie in 1870. The area is clearly signposted and many of the ruins are easy to recognise including the Gold Battery, the water wheels which were used to drive the battery, and the old brick chimney.

A brochure explains: "The ruins of the Richie's gold batteries are the remains of a quartz crushing and gold saving installation, which was praised as 'a credit to New South Wales' and which ranked 'foremost of any in Australia' (Department of Mines annual report 1882). The ruins are made up of what was called a 'reefer machine' and was operated from the earliest 'rush' days up until World War I. All the machinery at the site was worked by two large water wheels supplied with water from the Adelong Creek and carried down by races, either cut into the hillside or on wooden trestles."

There is some confusion about the total gold production from the area but it is known that 5 tonnes of gold were delivered to the Sydney Mint from the Reefer Ore crushing mill up to 1914. Certainly tunnels were blasted into the surrounding hills to a depth of 400 metres (the great Victoria mine operators received a bounty of 1000 pounds when their shaft reached 800 feet) and, at its peak, mines with names like Gibraltar, Long Tunnel, Donkey Hill and Lady Mary were yielding as much as 50 ounces to every ton of ore crushed. If you want to try your luck, it is possible to buy panning dishes from many of the stores in Adelong.

Adelong Alive Museum

The Adelong Alive Museum, a simple country town museum, now has an extensive collection of historic photographs and a lovingly created model of the Adelong Falls gold crushing mill, the Reefer Battery. It is an ideal starting point for anyone wanting to understand the boom industry which drove the town's economy from the 1860s until the outbreak of World War I when a combination of declining gold yields and a desire by the miners to head off to Europe to fight saw the end of gold mining in the district. Located in Tumut Street, it is open by appointment, tel: (02) 6946 2417.

History *

Prior to European settlement the Adelong Valley was inhabited by members of the Wiradjuri Aboriginal language group.

Europeans had settled the area by the 1840s. The Adelong Creek Station was established in 1843.

Gold was discovered in 1853 and a gold rush followed. In two years the town's population had reached an estimated 5,000 people.

In 1855 the local Anglican parish was established.

* In 1856 the town was formally gazetted. <> By 1857 more gold was being found in the district. William Williams discovered reef and alluvial gold on Mount Charcoal and, as the folk legend would have it, at one point he bought a mining claim for £40,000 and sold it for £75,000 later the same day.

By 1860 the town's population had reached 20,000 of whom nearly 3,000 miners were Chinese.

In 1862 St James Roman Catholic Church was consecrated and by 1866 the Methodist Church had been built.

Through the 1860s and 1870s the town boomed with mines and batteries (to crush the reef gold) opening up along the valley. The mines had names like Donkey Hill, The Challenger, Lady Mary, Long Tunnel, Great Victoria and Gibraltar.

In 1874 the town's Court House and Police Station were completed.

In 1879 the Great Victoria Mine won a bounty when gold was mined at a depth of 300 metres - a NSW first.

In 1915, as miners left to go to war, the Gibraltar mine closed down.

In 1930 the Reefer Battery Dam was blown up so the silt could be washed for gold.

Today the town is a small service for the surrounding farmers (with cattle, sheep and orchards dominating) and all that remains of the booming gold mining town is a charming historic remnant with large sections of the main street being classified by the National Trust.

Visitor Information

The nearest visitor information centre is the Tumut Region Visitor Information Centre, 5 Adelong Road, Tumut, tel: 02 6947 7025.

Useful Websites

There is a useful local website - http://www.adelong.org.au/ - which includes information about eating and accommodation in the town.

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Adelong is the perfect “Tree Change” town being on the Snowy Mountains Highway only 16 km from Tumut and 1.5 hours from the snow at Mt. Selwyn. There are two primary schools and a school bus to Tumut for the high school. There is a local doctor and the Tumut hospital is 15 minutes away. The Golden Gully Caravan Park is booked from the RSL Club. There is great accommodation for short stays and cafes and restaurants and you can still buy a house under $200,000.

Mrs Lee Whiting on July 10, 2015 at 11:55 pm Reply

My aunt, Alice Whiting, lives there!

David Dlugosinski on June 18, 2016 at 3:19 am Reply Population growth rates and other stats would be useful.

I agree Jack BUT I did this whole exercise 25 years ago and learned, very rapidly, that content rich sites (and stats are content rich) need a lot of staff because they have to be kept up to date. That is why, for example, I have not listed Accommodation and Eating. They change too rapidly and no one want to go to a site where the information is out of date. But thanks for the comment. It has been considered.

Jack Wallace on December 29, 2016 at 10:24 pm Reply

My great grandfather was a prospector in the town but died in a mining accident and left behind a wife, 5 daughters and a son . My great grandmother’s wedding ring was made out of the white gold from the Adelong Creek. After her husband’s death, she supported her children by being the local midwife, having received some nursing training before marriage. As my great grandfather had a German surname (Wicht) they had to change their name during the war (my grandmother told me a postman spat at her mother when delivering a letter). I have heard many stories about life in Adelong in the early 1900s. My grandmother told me she and her sisters fancied the frogs croaked ‘pray for us’ as they crossed the Adelong bridge to go to school and church. She told of a large family that lived in a hut with a dirt floor and how her mother would get paid for her midwifery services in kind as there was no money. Her aunty was the person who would ‘lay out the dead’, my grandmother would go with her and could tell the stages of someone dying (a bit creepy but the town would not have had a funeral director). My great grandmother used to make all her children’s clothing and eventually her father (my grandmother’s favourite grandfather Bourgoine) came to live with them. Sadly, my great grandmother died of breast cancer and her children moved to Sydney. They were all in their teens by then and the girls got jobs at the Nestle factory where they were allowed to eat as much chocolate as they liked while at work. The last time I saw Adelong it was a ghost town apart from the Pub. My great grandmother’s house was no longer there. It’s so nice Adelong’s beauty and history is being recognised. Unfortunately I have no details of Aboriginal people in the area.

Well, I can tell you Kate. It is far from a ghost town today. It has a charming veranda-ed main street, guest houses, a cafe and a couple of pubs and is thriving. The only problem is that trucks from the Visy works come through town and they disrupt an otherwise peaceful main street.

Kate Markel on January 16, 2017 at 9:46 pm Reply - See more at: http://www.aussietowns.com.au/town/adelong-nsw#sthash.vefNrlkC.dpuf